Open Access Research Article Issue
Enhanced piezo-catalysis in ZnO rods with built-in nanopores
Journal of Advanced Ceramics 2023, 12 (12): 2271-2283
Published: 27 December 2023
Abstract PDF (1.2 MB) Collect

Strategies to improve the efficiency of piezoelectric catalysis have long focused on piezo-optical coupling and construction of heterojunctions. However, it is a challenge to reinforce the performance of piezoelectric catalysis in a single material. Herein the built-in nanopores in single-crystal ZnO rods are employed to form stress to intensify piezo-catalytic efficiency. The piezo-catalytic efficiency of the ZnO rods with built-in nanopores (holey ZnO NRs) for degrading dyes was about 1.7 times that of the ZnO rods without built-in nanopores (ZnO NRs). X-ray diffraction and Raman peaks of holey ZnO NRs appeared blue-shifted in comparison to ZnO NRs, uncovering the existence of tensile stress in holey ZnO NRs. The piezoelectric coefficient d33 of holey ZnO NRs increased by 1.92 times, triggering the amplification of piezoelectric catalytic property. Additionally, the piezoelectric current, carrier lifetime, and diffusion length of holey ZnO NRs were larger than that of ZnO NRs, respectively. These factors all contribute to the enhanced piezoelectric catalytic efficiency of holey ZnO NRs. This work demonstrates that the method of induced stress with built-in nanopores is a promising strategy for improving the piezoelectric catalytic efficiency of single-crystal ZnO rods.

Open Access Research Article Issue
Inhibiting oxygen vacancies and twisting NbO6 octahedron in erbium modified KNN-based multifunctional ceramics
Journal of Materiomics 2024, 10 (1): 179-189
Published: 17 June 2023
Abstract Collect

It is a challenge to obtain highly tunable multifunctional performances in one ferroelectric system by a simple approach to meet the miniaturization, integration, and functionalization requirements of advanced electronic components. Herein, rare earth erbium (Er) modulated 0.9K0.5Na0.5NbO3-0.1Sr(1-x)ErxTi(1-x/4)O3, (0.9KNN-0.1ST: xEr) transparent-photoluminescent-ferroelectric energy storage multifunctional ceramics are prepared to solve this problem. The effect of lattice distortion and oxygen vacancies by Er doping on the optical and electrical properties is systematically investigated. The Er3+ ions can introduce a large distortion of the NbO6 octahedron by replacing the A-site in KNN-based ceramics. Thanks to the higher c/a ratio and lower oxygen vacancy content are simultaneously obtained in 0.9KNN-0.1ST: 0.1Er ceramics. The effective energy storage density (Wrec) of 0.86 J/cm3, excellent near-infrared transmittance of 51.7% (1100 nm) and strong green upconversion photoluminescence are achieved in this multifunctional ceramic. This study provides a solid basis for rare earth ions doped ferroelectric ceramics with tunable multifunctional properties and has significant potential for applications in optoelectronic devices.

Open Access Research Article Issue
Electric modulation of conduction in MAPbBr3 single crystals
Journal of Advanced Ceramics 2021, 10 (2): 320-327
Published: 24 February 2021
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The resistive switching (RS) mechanism of hybrid organic-inorganic perovskites has not been clearly understood until now. A switchable diode-like RS behavior in MAPbBr3 single crystals using Au (or Pt) symmetric electrodes is reported. Both the high resistance state (HRS) and low resistance state (LRS) are electrode-area dependent and light responsive. We propose an electric-field-driven inner p-n junction accompanied by a trap-controlled space-charge-limited conduction (SCLC) conduction mechanism to explain this switchable diode-like RS behavior in MAPbBr3 single crystals.

Open Access Review Issue
Flexoelectric materials and their related applications: A focused review
Journal of Advanced Ceramics 2019, 8 (2): 153-173
Published: 13 June 2019
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Flexoelectricity refers to the mechanical-electro coupling between strain gradient and electric polarization, and conversely, the electro-mechanical coupling between electric field gradient and mechanical stress. This unique effect shows a promising size effect which is usually large as the material dimension is shrunk down. Moreover, it could break the limitation of centrosymmetry, and has been found in numerous kinds of materials which cover insulators, liquid crystals, biological materials, and semiconductors. In this review, we will give a brief report about the recent discoveries in flexoelectricity, focusing on the flexoelectric materials and their applications. The theoretical developments in this field are also addressed. In the end, the perspective of flexoelectricity and some open questions which still remain unsolved are commented upon.

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