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Open Access Research Article Issue
Entropy regulation in LaNbO4-based fergusonite to implement high-temperature phase transition and promising dielectric properties
Journal of Advanced Ceramics 2023, 12 (5): 1067-1080
Published: 15 April 2023
Downloads:441

High-entropy effect is a novel design strategy to optimize properties and explore novel materials. In this work, (La1/5Nd1/5Sm1/5Ho1/5Y1/5)NbO4 (5RNO) high-entropy microwave dielectric ceramics were successfully prepared in the sintering temperature (S.T.) range of 1210–1290 ℃ via a solid-phase reaction route, and medium-entropy (La1/3Nd1/3Sm1/3)NbO4 and (La1/4Nd1/4Sm1/4Ho1/4)NbO4 (3RNO and 4RNO) ceramics were compared. The effects of the entropy (S) on crystal structure, phase transition, and dielectric performance were evaluated. The entropy increase yields a significant increase in a phase transition temperature (from monoclinic fergusonite to tetragonal scheelite structure). Optimal microwave dielectric properties were achieved in the high-entropy ceramics (5RNO) at the sintering temperature of 1270 ℃ for 4 h with a relative density of 98.2% and microwave dielectric properties of dielectric permittirity (εr) = 19.48, quality factor (Q×f) = 47,770 GHz, and resonant frequency temperature coefficient (τf) = –13.50 ppm/℃. This work opens an avenue for the exploration of novel microwave dielectric material and property optimization via entropy engineering.

Open Access Research Article Issue
Compositional modulation in ZnGa2O4 via Zn2+/Ge4+ co-doping to simultaneously lower sintering temperature and improve microwave dielectric properties
Journal of Advanced Ceramics 2021, 10 (6): 1360-1370
Published: 30 September 2021
Downloads:147

AB2O4-type spinels with low relative permittivity (εr) and high quality factor (Q × f) are crucial to high-speed signal propagation systems. In this work, Zn2+/Ge4+ co-doping to substitute Ga3+ in ZnGa2O4 was designed to lower the sintering temperature and adjust the thermal stability of resonance frequency simultaneously. Zn1+xGa2-2xGexO4 (0.1 ≤ x ≤ 0.5) ceramics were synthesised by the conventional solid-state method. Zn2+/Ge4+ co-substitution induced minimal variation in the macroscopical spinel structure, which effectively lowered the sintering temperature from 1385 to 1250 ℃. All compositions crystallized in a normal spinel structure and exhibited dense microstructures and excellent microwave dielectric properties. The compositional dependent quality factor was related to the microstructural variation, being confirmed by Raman features. A composition with x = 0.3 shows the best dielectric properties with εr ≈ 10.09, Q × f ≈ 112,700 THz, and τf ≈ -75.6 ppm/℃. The negative τf value was further adjusted to be near-zero through the formation of composite ceramics with TiO2.

Open Access Research Article Issue
A low-firing melilite ceramic Ba2CuGe2O7 and compositional modulation on microwave dielectric properties through Mg substitution
Journal of Advanced Ceramics 2021, 10 (1): 108-119
Published: 25 November 2020
Downloads:173

A melilite Ba2CuGe2O7 ceramic was characterized by low sintering temperature and moderate microwave dielectric properties. Sintered at 960 ℃, the Ba2CuGe2O7 ceramic had a high relative density 97%, a low relative permittivity (εr) 9.43, a quality factor (Q×f) of 20,000 GHz, and a temperature coefficient of resonance frequency (τf) -76 ppm/℃. To get a deep understanding of the relationship between composition, structure, and dielectric performances, magnesium substitution for copper in Ba2CuGe2O7 was conducted. Influences of magnesium doping on the sintering behavior, crystal structure, and microwave dielectric properties were studied. Mg doping in Ba2CuGe2O7 caused negligible changes in the macroscopic crystal structure, grain morphology, and size distribution, while induced visible variation in the local structure as revealed by Raman analysis. Microwave dielectric properties exhibit a remarkable dependence on composition. On increasing the magnesium content, the relative permittivity featured a continuous decrease, while both the quality factor and the temperature coefficient of resonance frequency increased monotonously. Such variations in dielectric performances were clarified in terms of the polarizability, packing fraction, and band valence theory.

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