Open Access Research Article Issue
Investigation of interface materials for enhancing stability in nonfullerene solar cells
Energy Materials and Devices 2024, 2 (1): 9370033
Published: 29 March 2024
Abstract PDF (8.2 MB) Collect

Organic solar cells (OSCs) have attracted attention due to their lightweight nature, flexibility, and facile preparation using solution-based methods. Their efficiency has been further elevated by the rapid advancement of nonfullerene materials, achieving individual cell efficiencies that surpass 19%. Hence, the stability of nonfullerene solar cell production must be scrutinized. The stability of the cathode interface layer significantly impacts the overall stability of OSC devices. PFN-Br, a commonly employed cathode interface material, is susceptible to degradation due to its sensitivity to environmental humidity, consequently compromising the device stability. In this study, we introduce fluorescent dye molecules, rhodamine 101, as cathode interface layers in OSCs to establish device stability and assess their universality. A comparative investigation of rhodamine 101 and PFN-Br devices demonstrates the former’s distinct advantages in terms of thermal stability, photostability, and storage stability even without encapsulation, particularly in an inert environment. By employing the Kelvin probe, we compare the work function of different cathode interface films and reveal that the work function of the rhodamine 101 interface material remains relatively unaffected by environmental factors. As a consequence, the device performance stability is significantly enhanced. The application of such fluorescent dye molecules extends the scope of cathode interface layers, amplifies device stability, and propels industrialization.

Review Article Issue
Synthesis and application of green solvent dispersed organic semiconducting nanoparticles
Nano Research 2023, 16 (12): 13419-13433
Published: 01 April 2023
Abstract PDF (9 MB) Collect

Organic photovoltaic semiconductors have made significant progress and have promising application prospects after decades of development. When compared with traditional semiconductors, the solution method for preparing photovoltaic semiconductors shows the advantages of low cost and convenient preparation. However, because of the extremely poor solubility of the polymers used to prepare semiconductors, toxic solvents must be used when using the solution method, which has significant negative effects on the environment and operators and severely limits its development prospects. Organic nanoparticles (NPs), on the other hand, can avoid these issues. Because NPs are typically water or alcohol-based, no toxic solvents are used. Furthermore, NPs have been used in organic solar cells, hydrogen catalysis, organic light-emitting diodes, and other fields after nearly two decades of development, and their preparation methods have been developed. We describe the preparation, optimization, and application of NPs in photovoltaic semiconductors in this review.

Review Article Issue
Development and application of blade-coating technique in organic solar cells
Nano Research 2023, 16 (9): 11571-11588
Published: 26 March 2023
Abstract PDF (8.8 MB) Collect

Due to the characteristics of lower material waste, higher crystallinity, roll-to-roll compatibility, and high-throughput continuous processing, blade-coating has been widely applied in the preparation of large-area organic solar cells. In this paper, the technique of blade-coating is introduced, including the effects of blading speed, substrate temperature, and other technological innovations during the process of blade-coating. Besides, the recent progress of blade-coating in organic solar cells is summarized and the active layer prepared by a blade-coating method is introduced in detail, including materials, processing methods, solvents, and additives. The interface layer and electrodes prepared by the blade-coating method are also discussed. Finally, some perspectives on the blade-coating method are proposed. In the foreseeable future, blade-coating will become the core of batch production of large-area organic solar cells, so as to make organic solar cells more competitive.

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