The rapid serial visual presentation (RSVP) paradigm has garnered considerable attention in brain–computer interface (BCI) systems. Studies have focused on using cross-subject electroencephalogram data to train cross-subject RSVP detection models. In this study, we performed a comparative analysis of the top 5 deep learning algorithms used by various teams in the event-related potential competition of the BCI Controlled Robot Contest in World Robot Contest 2022. We evaluated these algorithms on the final data set and compared their performance in cross-subject RSVP detection. The results revealed that deep learning models can achieve excellent results with appropriate training methods when applied to cross-subject detection tasks. We discussed the limitations of existing deep learning algorithms in cross-subject RSVP detection and highlighted potential research directions.
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Life Sciences and Medicine