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Interface electronic engineering of molybdenum sulfide/MXene hybrids for highly efficient biomimetic sensors
Nano Research 2023, 16 (1): 1158-1164
Published: 24 October 2022
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Interface regulation plays a key role in the electrochemical performance for biosensors. By controlling the interfacial interaction, the electronic structure of active species can be adjusted effectively at micro and nano-level, which results in the optimal reaction energy barrier. Herein, we propose an interface electronic engineering scheme to design a strongly coupled 1T phase molybdenum sulfide (1T-MoS2)/MXene hybrids for constructing an efficient electrocatalytic biomimetic sensor. The local electronic and atomic structures of the 1T-MoS2/Ti3C2TX are comprehensively studied by synchrotron radiation-based X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (XPS), as well as X-ray absorption spectroscopy (XAS) at atomic level. Experiments and theoretical calculations show that there are interfacial stresses, atomic defects and adjustable bond-length between MoS2/MXene nanosheets, which can significantly promote biomolecular adsorption and rapid electron transfer to achieve excellent electrochemical activity and reaction kinetics. The 1T-MoS2/Ti3C2TX modified electrode shows ultra high sensitivity of 1.198 μA/μM for dopamine detection with low limit of 0.05 μM. We anticipate that the interface electronic engineering investigation could provide a basic idea for guiding the exploration of advanced biosensors with high sensitivity and low detection limit.

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