Communication Issue
NiO@Ni nanoparticles embedded in N-doped carbon for efficient photothermal CO2 methanation coupled with H2O splitting
Nano Research 2024, 17 (4): 2283-2290
Published: 31 October 2023
Abstract PDF (2.5 MB) Collect

Photothermal carbon dioxide (CO2) methanation has attracted increasing interest in solar fuel synthesis, which employs the advantages of photocatalytic H2O splitting as a hydrogen source and photothermal catalytic CO2 reduction. This work prepared three-dimensional (3D) honeycomb N-doped carbon (NC) loaded with core–shell NiO@Ni nanoparticles generated in situ at 500 °C (NiO@Ni/NC-500). Under the photothermal catalysis (200 °C, 1.5 W/cm2), the CH4 evolution rate of NiO@Ni/NC-500 reached 5.5 mmol/(g·h), which is much higher than that of the photocatalysis (0.8 mmol/(g·h)) and the thermal catalysis (3.7 mmol/(g·h)). It is found that the generated localized surface plasmon resonance enhances the injection of hot electrons from Ni to NiO, while thermal heating accelerates the thermal motion of radicals, thus generating a strong photo-thermal synergistic effect on the reaction. The CO2 reduction to CH4 follows the *OCH pathway. This work demonstrates the synergistic effect of NiO@Ni and NC can enhance the catalytic performance of photothermal CO2 reduction reaction coupled with water splitting reaction.

Research Article Issue
Dual single-atom Ce-Ti/MnO2 catalyst enhances low-temperature NH3-SCR performance with high H2O and SO2 resistance
Nano Research 2023, 16 (1): 299-308
Published: 11 August 2022
Abstract PDF (7.6 MB) Collect

Mn-based catalysts have exhibited promising performance in low-temperature selective catalytic reduction of NOx with NH3 (NH3-SCR). However, challenges such as H2O- or SO2-induced poisoning to these catalysts still remain. Herein, we report an efficient strategy to prepare the dual single-atom Ce-Ti/MnO2 catalyst via ball-milling and calcination processes to address these issues. Ce-Ti/MnO2 showed better catalytic performance with a higher NO conversion and enhanced H2O- and SO2-resistance at a low-temperature window (100−150 °C) than the MnO2, single-atom Ce/MnO2, and Ti/MnO2 catalysts. The in situ infrared Fourier transform spectroscopy analysis confirmed there is no competitive adsorption between NOx and H2O over the Ce-Ti/MnO2 catalyst. The calculation results showed that the synergistic interaction of the neighboring Ce-Ti dual atoms as sacrificial sites weakens the ability of the active Mn sites for binding SO2 and H2O but enhances their binding to NH3. The insight obtained in this work deepens the understanding of catalysis for NH3-SCR. The synthesis strategy developed in this work is easily scaled up to commercialization and applicable to preparing other MnO2-based single-atom catalysts.

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