Open Access Review Article Issue
Foundation models meet visualizations: Challenges andopportunities
Computational Visual Media 2024, 10 (3): 399-424
Published: 02 May 2024

Recent studies have indicated that foun-dation models, such as BERT and GPT, excel at adapting to various downstream tasks. This adap-tability has made them a dominant force in building artificial intelligence (AI) systems. Moreover, a new research paradigm has emerged as visualization techniques are incorporated into these models. This study divides these intersections into two research areas: visualization for foundation model (VIS4FM) and foundation model for visualization (FM4VIS). In terms of VIS4FM, we explore the primary role of visualizations in understanding, refining, and eva-luating these intricate foundation models. VIS4FM addresses the pressing need for transparency, explai-nability, fairness, and robustness. Conversely, in terms of FM4VIS, we highlight how foundation models can be used to advance the visualization field itself. The intersection of foundation models with visualizations is promising but also introduces a set of challenges. By highlighting these challenges and promising oppor-tunities, this study aims to provide a starting point for the continued exploration of this research avenue.

Open Access Review Article Issue
A survey of visual analytics techniques for machine learning
Computational Visual Media 2021, 7 (1): 3-36
Published: 25 November 2020

Visual analytics for machine learning has recently evolved as one of the most exciting areas in the field of visualization. To better identify which research topics are promising and to learn how to apply relevant techniques in visual analytics, we systematically review 259 papers published in the last ten years together with representative works before 2010. We build a taxonomy, which includes three first-level categories: techniques before model building, techniques during modeling building, and techniques after model building. Each category is further characterized by representative analysis tasks, and each task is exemplified by a set of recent influential works. We also discuss and highlight research challenges and promising potential future research opportunities useful for visual analytics researchers.

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