Open Access Review Issue
Advanced inorganic/polymer hybrid electrolytes for all-solid-state lithium batteries
Journal of Advanced Ceramics 2022, 11 (6): 835-861
Published: 13 May 2022

Solid-state batteries have become a frontrunner in humankind’s pursuit of safe and stable energy storage systems with high energy and power density. Electrolyte materials, currently, seem to be the Achilles’ heel of solid-state batteries due to the slow kinetics and poor interfacial wetting. Combining the merits of solid inorganic electrolytes (SIEs) and solid polymer electrolytes (SPEs), inorganic/polymer hybrid electrolytes (IPHEs) integrate improved ionic conductivity, great interfacial compatibility, wide electrochemical stability window, and high mechanical toughness and flexibility in one material, having become a sought-after pathway to high-performance all-solid-state lithium batteries. Herein, we present a comprehensive overview of recent progress in IPHEs, including the awareness of ion migration fundamentals, advanced architectural design for better electrochemical performance, and a perspective on unconquered challenges and potential research directions. This review is expected to provide a guidance for designing IPHEs for next-generation lithium batteries, with special emphasis on developing high-voltage-tolerance polymer electrolytes to enable higher energy density and three-dimensional (3D) continuous ion transport highways to achieve faster charging and discharging.

Open Access Research Article Issue
KD-S SiCf/SiC composites with BN interface fabricated by polymer infiltration and pyrolysis process
Journal of Advanced Ceramics 2018, 7 (2): 169-177
Published: 28 March 2018

Continuous silicon carbide fiber reinforced silicon carbide matrix (SiCf/SiC) composites are attractive candidate materials for aerospace engine system and nuclear reactor system. In this paper, SiCf/SiC composites were fabricated by polymer infiltration and pyrolysis (PIP) process using KD-S fiber as the reinforcement and the LPVCS as the precursor, while the BN interface layer was introduced by chemical vapor deposition (CVD) process using borazine as the single precursor. The effect of the BN interface layer on the structure and properties of the SiCf/SiC composites was comprehensively investigated. The results showed that the BN interface layer significantly improved the mechanical properties of the KD-S SiCf/SiC composites. The flexure strength and fracture toughness of the KD-S SiCf/SiC composites were evidently improved from 314±44.8 to 818±39.6 MPa and 8.6± 0.5 to 23.0±2.2 MPa·m1/2, respectively. The observation of TEM analysis displayed a turbostratic structure of the CVD-BN interface layer that facilitated the improvement of the fracture toughness of the SiCf/SiC composites. The thermal conductivity of KD-S SiCf/SiC composites with BN interface layer was lower than that of KD-S SiCf/SiC composites without BN interface layer, which could be attributed to the relative low thermal conductivity of BN interface layer with low crystallinity.

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