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Release Time: 2023-08-07 Views:964
How AI can use classroom conversations to predict academic success

The recent shift towards e-learning and online classrooms can provide valuable insight into patterns and behaviors that make students successful. Using the help of AI, researchers have determined what those patterns and behaviors are. 

Who would have thought in-class, off-topic dialogue can be a significant predictor of a student’s success in school? Scientists at Tsinghua University had a hunch and decided to deep-dive into how machine learning and AI may help an under-studied segment of the education pool: K-6th grade students learning in live, online classes.  By analyzing the classroom dialogues of these children, scientists at Tsinghua University developed neural network models to predict what behaviors may lead to a more successful student. After this initial analysis, researchers further employ AI to see what sets of behaviors can be used as accurate predictors for a student’s success in both STEM (science, technology, engineering, and mathematics) and non-STEM-related courses. As it turns out, Big Data helped illuminate a few key aspects that can lead to increased success in students and a new vision of how students learn in the first place. 

The researchers published their results in the Journal of Social Computing on March, 31. Valid findings were drawn from the data recorded and the models used that can be used to accurately predict academic performance. 

“The most important message from this paper is that high-performing students, regardless of whether they are enrolled in STEM or non-STEM courses, consistently exhibit more positive emotions, higher-level interactions concerning cognitive processes, and active participation in off-topic dialogues throughout the lesson,” said Jarder Luo, author and researcher of the study. 

The implication here is that above the other markers of a successful student, which are cognition and positive emotion, the most important predictor of performance for STEM and non-STEM students is the interactive type of that student. In STEM students, the most crucial situation interactive types play in learning is during the middle stage of the lesson. In contrast, non-STEM students’ interactive types have about the same effect on the student’s performance during the middle and summary stages of the lesson. 

Interactive dialogue between students helps to streamline and integrate social skills along with knowledge building; these open conversations help the young students navigate conversations generally, but more specifically conversations on topics the student is likely not very familiar with. This could be why the data so strongly suggests students more active in classroom dialogue are typically higher-performing. Additionally, the study also found that meta-cognition, that is, “thinking about thinking” is found to be more prevalent in higher-performing, non-STEM students than their STEM counterparts. This could be in part because science is often taught in a way that builds on a basis of knowledge, whereas other areas of study require a bit more planning and evaluation of the material. 

Determining what behaviors and patterns are common amongst successful students in a classroom and how these qualities may change depending on the subject being taught can also help figure out where students who struggle during the lesson need some help or intervention. 

“By leveraging the power of big data and artificial intelligence tools, we can unravel the complexities of classroom dynamics and uncover more complex interaction behaviors in multilayer networks and their behavioral outcomes,” says Luo. 

With the knowledge gained about the way emotional expression, cognition and meta-cognition and interactive types play into a student’s overall academic success, the researchers behind this study hope teachers can give students a more “personalized” approach to learning and further improve the student’s academic success, especially when STEM and non-STEM courses are considered. 

Furthermore, policymakers can re-evaluate current teaching methods and revise them as needed to include different methods during different times of the course to help students whose engagement or understanding fluctuates throughout the lesson. This, in combination with continued research using AI devices and techniques, should help craft a more effective, rounded educational experience for all students involved. 

Yuanyi Zhen and Jarder Luo of the Laboratory of Computational Social Science and National Governance at Tsinghua University and Hui Chen of the School of Chinese Language and Literature at Beijing Foreign Studies University contributed to this research. 

The Center for Social Network Research, Tsinghua University, Telecom Big Data, and Tencent Social Research Center made this research possible. 

Journal

Journal of Social Computing

Article Title

Prediction of Academic Performance of Students in Online Live Classroom Interactions —An Analysis Using Natural Language Processing and Deep Learning Methods