Journal Home > Volume 10 , issue 6

Fiber damage and uniform interphase preparation are the main challenges in conventional short fiber reinforced ceramic matrix composites. In this work, we develop a novel processing route in fabrication of short carbon fiber reinforced ZrB2-SiC composites (Csf/ZrB2-SiC) overcoming the above two issues. At first, Csf preforms with oriented designation and uniform PyC/SiC interphase are fabricated via direct ink writing (DIW) of short carbon fiber paste followed by chemical vapor infiltration. After that, ZrB2 and SiC are introduced into the preforms by slurry impregnation and reactive melt infiltration, respectively. Microstructure evolution and optimization of the composites during fabrication are investigated in detail. The as-fabricated Csf/ZrB2-SiC composites have a bulk density of 2.47 g/cm3, with uniform weak interphase and without serious fiber damage. Consequently, non-brittle fracture occurs in the Csf/ZrB2-SiC composites with widespread toughening mechanisms such as crack deflection and bridging, interphase debonding, and fiber pull-out. This work provides a new opportunity to the material design and selection of short fiber reinforced composites.


menu
Abstract
Full text
Outline
About this article

Fabrication and microstructure evolution of Csf/ZrB2-SiC composites via direct ink writing and reactive melt infiltration

Show Author's information Jun LUa,b,cDewei NIa,b( )Chunjing LIAOa,bHaijun ZHOUa,bYoulin JIANGa,b,cBowen CHENa,b,cXuegang ZOUa,b,cFeiyan CAIa,b,cYusheng DINGa,b,d( )Shaoming DONGa,b( )
State Key Laboratory of High Performance Ceramics & Superfine Microstructure, Shanghai Institute of Ceramics, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Shanghai 200050, China
Structural Ceramics and Composites Engineering Research Center, Shanghai Institute of Ceramics, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Shanghai 200050, China
University of Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100049, China
Hangzhou Institute for Advanced Study, University of Chinese Academy of Sciences, Hangzhou 310000, China

Abstract

Fiber damage and uniform interphase preparation are the main challenges in conventional short fiber reinforced ceramic matrix composites. In this work, we develop a novel processing route in fabrication of short carbon fiber reinforced ZrB2-SiC composites (Csf/ZrB2-SiC) overcoming the above two issues. At first, Csf preforms with oriented designation and uniform PyC/SiC interphase are fabricated via direct ink writing (DIW) of short carbon fiber paste followed by chemical vapor infiltration. After that, ZrB2 and SiC are introduced into the preforms by slurry impregnation and reactive melt infiltration, respectively. Microstructure evolution and optimization of the composites during fabrication are investigated in detail. The as-fabricated Csf/ZrB2-SiC composites have a bulk density of 2.47 g/cm3, with uniform weak interphase and without serious fiber damage. Consequently, non-brittle fracture occurs in the Csf/ZrB2-SiC composites with widespread toughening mechanisms such as crack deflection and bridging, interphase debonding, and fiber pull-out. This work provides a new opportunity to the material design and selection of short fiber reinforced composites.

Keywords:

short fiber reinforced composites, ultra-high temperature ceramics (UHTCs), interphase, orientation
Received: 01 March 2021 Revised: 27 May 2021 Accepted: 26 June 2021 Published: 30 September 2021 Issue date: December 2021
References(36)
[1]
Zhang GJ, Ni DW, Zou J, et al. Inherent anisotropy in transition metal diborides and microstructure/property tailoring in ultra-high temperature ceramics—A review. J Eur Ceram Soc 2018, 38: 371-389.
[2]
Binner J, Porter M, Baker B, et al. Selection, processing, properties and applications of ultra-high temperature ceramic matrix composites, UHTCMCs—A review. Int Mater Rev 2020, 65: 389-444.
[3]
Tang SF, Hu CL. Design, preparation and properties of carbon fiber reinforced ultra-high temperature ceramic composites for aerospace applications—A review. J Mater Sci Technol 2017, 33: 117-130.
[4]
Chen BW, Ni DW, Liao CJ, et al. Long-term ablation behavior and mechanisms of 2D-Cf/ZrB2-SiC composites at temperatures up to 2400 ℃. Corros Sci 2020, 177: 108967.
[5]
Li LL, Wang YG, Cheng LF, et al. Preparation and properties of 2D C/SiC-ZrB2-TaC composites. Ceram Int 2011, 37: 891-896.
[6]
Ding Q, Ni DW, Wang Z, et al. Mechanical properties and microstructure evolution of 3D Cf/SiBCN composites at elevated temperatures. J Am Ceram Soc 2018, 101: 4699-4707.
[7]
Yan CL, Liu RJ, Zhang CR, et al. Effects of SiC/HfC ratios on the ablation and mechanical properties of 3D Cf/HfC-SiC composites. J Eur Ceram Soc 2017, 37: 2343-2351.
[8]
Jiang JM, Wang S, Li W, et al. Preparation of 3D Cf/ZrC-SiC composites by joint processes of PIP and RMI. Mater Sci Eng: A 2014, 607: 334-340.
[9]
Guo SQ. Thermal and electrical properties of hot-pressed short pitch-based carbon fiber-reinforced ZrB2-SiC matrix composites. Ceram Int 2013, 39: 5733-5740.
[10]
Shahedi Asl M, Golmohammadi F, Ghassemi Kakroudi M, et al. Synergetic effects of SiC and Csf in ZrB2-based ceramic composites. Part I: Densification behavior. Ceram Int 2016, 42: 4498-4506.
[11]
Nasiri Z, Mashhadi M, Abdollahi A. Effect of short carbon fiber addition on pressureless densification and mechanical properties of ZrB2-SiC-Csf nanocomposite. Int J Refract Met Hard Mater 2015, 51: 216-223.
[12]
Yunus DE, He R, Shi WT, et al. Short fiber reinforced 3d printed ceramic composite with shear induced alignment. Ceram Int 2017, 43: 11766-11772.
[13]
Das J, Kesava BC, Reddy JJ, et al. Microstructure, mechanical properties and oxidation behavior of short carbon fiber reinforced ZrB2-20v/oSiC-2v/oB4C composite. Mater Sci Eng: A 2018, 719: 206-226.
[14]
Zoli L, Vinci A, Silvestroni L, et al. Rapid spark plasma sintering to produce dense UHTCs reinforced with undamaged carbon fibres. Mater Des 2017, 130: 1-7.
[15]
Ren XR, Lv J, Li W, et al. Influence of MoSi2 on oxidation protective ability of TaB2-SiC coating in oxygen-containing environments within a broad temperature range. J Adv Ceram 2020, 9: 703-715.
[16]
He GQ, Guo RX, Li MS, et al. Microstructure and mechanical properties of short-carbon-fiber/Ti3SiC2 composites. J Adv Ceram 2020, 9: 716-725.
[17]
Gui KX, Hu P, Hong WH, et al. Microstructure, mechanical properties and thermal shock resistance of ZrB2-SiC-Cf composite with inhibited degradation of carbon fibers. J Alloys Compd 2017, 706: 16-23.
[18]
Chen XW, Ni DW, Kan YM, et al. Reaction mechanism and microstructure development of ZrSi2 melt-infiltrated Cf/SiC-ZrC-ZrB2 composites: The influence of preform pore structures. J Materiomics 2018, 4: 266-275.
[19]
Cao JW, Lu ZL, Miao K, et al. Investigation on microstructure control of in situ synthesized high-performance Cf/SiC composites. J Alloys Compd 2019, 805: 303-308.
[20]
Fei JJ, Wang WM, Ren AC, et al. Mechanical properties and densification of short carbon fiber-reinforced TiB2/C composites produced by hot pressing. J Alloys Compd 2014, 584: 87-92.
[21]
Zhang YM, Li S, Han JC, et al. Fabrication and characterization of random chopped fiber reinforced reaction bonded silicon carbide composite. Ceram Int 2012, 38: 1261-1266.
[22]
Sciti D, Pienti L, Natali Murri A, et al. From random chopped to oriented continuous SiC fibers-ZrB2 composites. Mater Des 2014, 63: 464-470.
[23]
Li S, Zhang YM, Han JC, et al. Random chopped fibers in reaction bonded SiC composite: Morphology, etching and reinforcing properties. Mater Sci Eng: A 2012, 551: 104-109.
[24]
Vinci A, Zoli L, Sciti D, et al. Understanding the mechanical properties of novel UHTCMCs through random forest and regression tree analysis. Mater Des 2018, 145: 97-107.
[25]
Sha JJ, Li J, Wang SH, et al. Improved microstructure and fracture properties of short carbon fiber-toughened ZrB2-based UHTC composites via colloidal process. Int J Refract Met Hard Mater 2016, 60: 68-74.
[26]
Tekinalp HL, Kunc V, Velez-Garcia GM, et al. Highly oriented carbon fiber-polymer composites via additive manufacturing. Compos Sci Technol 2014, 105: 144-150.
[27]
Stepashkin, Chukov DI, Senatov FS, et al. 3D-printed PEEK-carbon fiber (CF) composites: Structure and thermal properties. Compos Sci Technol 2018, 164: 319-326.
[28]
Franchin G, Wahl L, Colombo P. Direct ink writing of ceramic matrix composite structures. J Am Ceram Soc 2017, 100: 4397-4401.
[29]
Woods HJ. Contribution to the physics of cellulose fibres. Nature 1947, 159: 519-520.
[30]
McGee SH, McCullough RL. Characterization of fiber orientation in short-fiber composites. J Appl Phys 1984, 55: 1394-1403.
[31]
Chung DDL. Comparison of submicron-diameter carbon filaments and conventional carbon fibers as fillers in composite materials. Carbon 2001, 39: 1119-1125.
[32]
Wang BM, Zhang Y, Guo ZQ, et al. Dispersion of carbon nanofibers in aqueous solution. Nano 2012, 7: 1250052.
[33]
You X, Feng Q, Yang JS, et al. Preparation of high concentration graphene dispersion with low boiling point solvents. J Nanoparticle Res 2019, 21: 1-11.
[34]
Zhu CZ, Liu XF, Yu XL, et al. A small-angle X-ray scattering study and molecular dynamics simulation of microvoid evolution during the tensile deformation of carbon fibers. Carbon 2012, 50: 235-243.
[35]
Huang K, Yang JS, Dong SM, et al. Anisotropy of graphene scaffolds assembled by three-dimensional printing. Carbon 2018, 130: 1-10.
[36]
Ni DW, Wang JX, Dong SM, et al. Fabrication and properties of Cf/ZrC-SiC-based composites by an improved reactive melt infiltration. J Am Ceram Soc 2018, 101: 3253-3258.
Publication history
Copyright
Acknowledgements
Rights and permissions

Publication history

Received: 01 March 2021
Revised: 27 May 2021
Accepted: 26 June 2021
Published: 30 September 2021
Issue date: December 2021

Copyright

© The Author(s) 2021

Acknowledgements

The financial support from the Key Research Program of Frontier Sciences, CAS (No. QYZDY-SSW-JSC031), the projects supported by State Key Laboratory of Advanced Technology for Materials Synthesis and Processing, Wuhan University of Technology (No. 2021-KF-5), and State Key Laboratory for Modification of Chemical Fibers and Polymer Materials, Donghua University (No. KF2116) are greatly acknowledged.

Rights and permissions

This article is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License, which permits use, sharing, adaptation, distribution and reproduction in any medium or format, as long as you give appropriate credit to the original author(s) and the source, provide a link to the Creative Commons licence, and indicate if changes were made.

The images or other third party material in this article are included in the article’s Creative Commons licence, unless indicated otherwise in a credit line to the material. If material is not included in the article’s Creative Commons licence and your intended use is not permitted by statutory regulation or exceeds the permitted use, you will need to obtain permission directly from the copyright holder.

To view a copy of this licence, visit http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/.

Reprints and Permission requests may be sought directly from editorial office.

Return