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Phase transition of multi-component (TiZrVNb)C ceramics—Part I: Phase decomposition induced by carbon content
Journal of Advanced Ceramics 2024, 13 (5): 679-688
Published: 28 May 2024
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Phase decomposition can effectively enhance the mechanical properties of carbide ceramics and can overcome the difficulty of enhancing the mechanical properties of single-phase multicomponent carbide ceramics. In this work, a series of nonstoichiometric (TiZrVNb)Cx ceramics were prepared by spark plasma sintering (SPS) at different temperatures. The effects of the carbon content on the phase composition, microstructure evolution, and mechanical properties were investigated in detail. Phase decomposition occurred with decreasing carbon content. Two different solid solutions of (Ti,V)-rich and Zr-rich phases formed from the decomposition of equimolar single-phase solid solutions, namely, the Zr-poor phase and Zr-rich phase, respectively. The distribution of Nb element is relatively uniform. The semicoherent interfaces between the Zr-poor phase and the Zr-rich phase can harden and strengthen effectively under the synergistic effect of grain refinement. Ceramics with phase decomposition structures have apparent advantages compared to single-phase high-entropy carbides. This work provides an important train of thought for the microstructure tailoring and properties optimization of multi-component carbide ceramics.

Open Access Research Article Issue
Phase transition of multi-component (TiZrVNb)C ceramics—Part II: From single phase to multiple phases via adjusting V content
Journal of Advanced Ceramics 2024, 13 (5): 689-698
Published: 28 May 2024
Abstract PDF (8.3 MB) Collect
Downloads:106

To address the relatively mediocre mechanical properties of single-phase multi-component carbide ceramics, a phase transition from a single phase to multiple phases was proposed to achieve superior mechanical properties. A series of (TiZrVxNb)C0.8 ceramics with different V contents were fabricated by spark plasma sintering (SPS). The influence of the V content on the phase composition, microstructural evolution, and mechanical properties was investigated in detail. The transition behavior from a single phase to multiple phases is discovered and discussed. The formation of the Zr-rich phase and Zr-poor phase can be attributed to the increase in lattice distortion and mixed enthalpy caused by the addition of V. A nanometer lamellar structure with a semi-coherent interface obtained via in situ decomposition is reported for the first time in multi-component carbide ceramics. The semi-coherent interfaces with high dislocation density and strain concentration effectively improve the mechanical properties, grain refinement, and multi-phase formation. The optimal comprehensive mechanical properties of the Vickers hardness (26.3 GPa), flexural strength (369 MPa), and fracture toughness (3.1 MPa·m1/2) were achieved for the sample with 20 mol% V.

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