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Intelligent Transportation System Performance Analysis of Indoor and Outdoor Internet of Vehicle (IoV) Applications towards 5G
Tsinghua Science and Technology 2024, 29 (6): 1785-1795
Published: 20 June 2024
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The Internet of Vehicles (IoVs) has seen rapid development due to advances in advanced communication technologies. The 5-th Generation (5G) systems will be integrated into next-generation vehicles, enabling them to operate more efficiently by cooperating with the environment. The millimeter Wave (mmWave) technology is projected to provide a large bandwidth to meet future needs for more effective data rate communications. A viable approach for transferring raw sensor data among autonomous vehicles would be to use mmWave communication. This paper attracts various research interests in academic, indoor, and outdoor mmWave operations. This paper presents mmWave propagation measurements for indoor and outdoor at 66 GHz frequency for IoVs scenarios. The proposed model examines the equivalent path loss using Free-Space Path Loss (FSPL) based on the transmitter and receiver distances for indoor and outdoor communications of the vehicles. In the indoor scenario, path loss propagation has the lowest penetration loss, but it is ineffective in the outdoor scenario because distance increases as free space path loss increases. The probability of error is increased, concerning the transmitter and receiver distances due to propagation effect, packet collisions, busy receiver, and sensing threshold. The proposed methodology shows a higher packet delivery ratio and average throughput with less delay in the connection during transmission.

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