Open Access Research Article Issue
EfficientNet - XGBoost: An Effective White-Blood-Cell Segmentation and Classification Framework
Nano Biomedicine and Engineering 2023, 15 (2): 126-135
Published: 26 May 2023

In the human body, white blood cells (WBCs) are crucial immune cells that help in the early detection of a variety of illnesses. Determination of the number of WBCs can be used to diagnose conditions such as hematological, immunological, and autoimmune diseases, as well as AIDS and leukemia. However, the conventional method of classifying and counting WBCs is time-consuming, laborious, and potentially erroneous. Therefore, this paper presents a computer-assisted automated method for recognizing and detecting WBC categories from blood images. Initially, the blood cell image is preprocessed and then segmented using an effective deep learning architecture called SegNet. Then, the important features are devised and extracted using the EfficientNet architecture. Finally, the WBCs are categorized into four different types using the XGBoost classifier: neutrophils, eosinophils, monocytes, and lymphocytes. The advantages of SegNet, EfficientNet, and XGBoost make the proposed model more robust and achieve a more efficient classification of the WBCs. The BCCD dataset is used to evaluate the performance of the proposed methodology, and the findings are compared to existing state-of-the-art approaches based on accuracy, precision, sensitivity, specificity, and F1-score. Evaluation results show that the proposed approach has a higher rank-1 accuracy of 99.02% and outperformed other existing techniques.

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