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Deep unfolding multi-scale regularizer network for image denoising
Computational Visual Media 2023, 9 (2): 335-350
Published: 03 January 2023
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Existing deep unfolding methods unroll an optimization algorithm with a fixed number of steps, and utilize convolutional neural networks (CNNs) to learn data-driven priors. However, their performance is limited for two main reasons. Firstly, priors learned in deep feature space need to be converted to the image space at each iteration step, which limits the depth of CNNs and prevents CNNs from exploiting contextual information. Secondly, existing methods only learn deep priors at the single full-resolution scale, so ignore the benefits of multi-scale context in dealing with high level noise. To address these issues, we explicitly consider the image denoising process in the deep feature space and propose the deep unfolding multi-scale regularizer network (DUMRN) for image denoising. The core of DUMRN is the feature-based denoising module (FDM) that directly removes noise in the deep feature space. In each FDM, we construct a multi-scale regularizer block to learn deep prior information from multi-resolution features. We build the DUMRN by stacking a sequence of FDMs and train it in an end-to-end manner. Experimental results on synthetic and real-world benchmarks demonstrate that DUMRN performs favorably compared to state-of-the-art methods.

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