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Silencing myelin protein zero-like 1 expression suppresses cell proliferation and invasiveness of human glioma cells by inhibiting multiple cancer-associated signal pathways
Journal of Neurorestoratology 2021, 9 (4): 229-244
Published: 04 January 2022
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Glioma is the most common primary malignant tumor of the adult central nervous system. It has high morbidity and poor survival. Myelin protein zero-like protein 1 (MPZL1) is a cell surface glycoprotein that activates numerous adhesion-dependent signaling pathways. MPZL1 plays important roles in human cancers that include metastatic process; however, it is not clear if MPZL1 plays a role in human glioma. Therefore, this study aimed to determine if silencing MPZL1 impacted the cell proliferative features of human glioma cells. First, MPZL1 expression was investigated in human glioma samples and tumor cell lines. Then the effects of small interfering RNA (siRNA)-targeting MPZL1 were analyzed on proliferation, colony formation, cell cycle progression, and invasion of human glioma cells. The results from this study demonstrated that MPZL1 was highly expressed in human glioma tissues and glioma cell lines. In addition, knockdown of MPZL1 significantly inhibited cell proliferation, colony formation, and invasiveness of glioma cells, and effectively induced cell cycle arrest at the G1 phase. Western blotting analysis indicated that silencing MPZL1 expression downregulated the expression of matrix metalloproteinase-2 (MMP-2), WNT1, caspase-3, cyclin A1, epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR), and signal transducer and activator of transcription 3 (STAT3), and upregulated p53. The results from this study suggest that MPZL1 might be a marker for tumors and could be a potential therapeutic target for human glioma.

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