Research Article Issue
Dynamically modulated synthesis of hollow metal-organic frameworks for selective hydrogenation reactions
Nano Research 2023, 16 (8): 11334-11341
Published: 20 May 2023

Hollow metal-organic frameworks (MOFs) have attracted increasing attention in the field of catalysis in recent years due to their unique cavity structure with fast mass-diffusion rates and easily accessible active sites. Here, we report the use of dynamic modulators, which are formed by the in-situ imine condensation reaction of 4-aminobenzoic acid and 4-formylbenzoic acid, to regulate the growth of MOFs to synthesize well-defined hollow thioether functionalized UiO-67 (denoted as H-UiO-67-S) single crystals. After supporting Pd nanoparticles, the designed catalysts Pd@H-UiO-67-S show excellent conversion (> 99.9%), selectivity (> 99.9%), and stability (10 cycles) in the selective hydrogenation of nitrobenzenes with other reducible groups. Density functional theory calculations and the experimental results reveal that Pd nanoparticles not only selectively adsorb the nitro-groups on nitrobenzene, but also restrict the adsorption of the aniline product, due to the interaction of thioether with Pd in the confined pores of H-UiO-67-S, finally result in a significant increase in selectivity of nitro-hydrogenation.

Review Article Issue
Combining metal-organic frameworks (MOFs) and covalent-organic frameworks (COFs): Emerging opportunities for new materials and applications
Nano Research 2022, 15 (4): 3514-3532
Published: 17 December 2021

In the past decades, metal-organic frameworks (MOFs) and covalent organic frameworks (COFs) basically enjoy the coordination chemistry and covalent chemistry, respectively, and such uniqueness has become the major obstacle hampering their further scope diversity and application multi-functionalization. Inspired from the principle of organic retrosynthesis, combining coordination bond and covalent bond together offers additional opportunities for constructing novel MOFs, COFs and MOF@COF hybrids as well as confer on them superior performances in versatile application fields. In this review, we firstly classify and summarize the recently reported synthesis strategies based on the integration of metal–ligand coordination and dynamic covalent bonds. Then, the application performances of as-constructed MOFs, COFs as well as MOF@COF hybrids are discussed and highlighted in the fields of adsorption, separation, catalysis, biosensing, energy storage and so on. Last, our personal insights of the remaining challenges and further prospects are also provided, in order to trigger much more inspirations and endeavors for this hot research field.

Flagship Review Issue
Advanced photocatalysts based on metal nanoparticle/metal-organic framework composites
Nano Research 2021, 14 (7): 2037-2052
Published: 05 July 2021

Photocatalysis, via conversion of light into valuable chemicals, is an economic and effective way to utilize inexhaustible solar energy for the sustainable development of our human society. Aiming at killing two birds with one stone, metal nanoparticle (MNP)/metal-organic framework (MOF) composites via integration of the individual advantages of MNP and MOF have been becoming a versatile photocatalyst. Moreover, owing to the synergist effect between each component, MNP/MOF composite photocatalysts usually show greatly promoted catalytic activity, selectivity and long-term recyclability. In this review, first of all, the widely adopted synthesis strategies of MNP/MOF composite are introduced comprehensively, and then their recent advances in photocatalysis including photocatalytic hydrogen production, carbon dioxide reduction, organic transformation reactions and photodegradation of pollutants are summarized and highlighted. Finally, challenges and perspectives among MNP/MOF based photocatalysis are also proposed and discussed for advancing further development in this hot research field.

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