In this paper, a flexible spacecraft attitude control scheme that guarantees vibration suppression and prescribed performance on transient-state behavior is proposed. Here, parametric uncertainty, external disturbance, unmeasured elastic vibration, actuator saturation, and even configuration misalignment are considered. To guarantee prescribed performance bounds on the transient- and steady-state control errors, a performance constrained control law is formulated with an error transformed function. An elastic modal observer is employed to estimate the unmeasured flexible modal variables, and a command filter is adopted to avoid the tedious analytical computations of time derivatives of virtual control inherent in the control design. Subsequently, a novel auxiliary system is developed to compensate the adverse effects of the actuator saturation constraints, and a compensation term is integrated into the control law to tackle the configuration misalignment. A comparative simulation study is carried out to illustrate the effectiveness and advantages of the proposed approach.
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