Open Access Research Article Issue
Effect of different starting materials on the synthesis of Ba0.8Ca0.2TiO3
Journal of Advanced Ceramics 2015, 4 (1): 65-70
Published: 31 January 2015
Abstract PDF (1.8 MB) Collect

Literature has reported the synthesis of barium calcium titanates by various synthesis methods such as solid state reaction, co-precipitation and polymer precursors. These compounds are usually obtained using calcium carbonate (CaCO3), barium carbonate (BaCO3) and titanium oxide as starting materials. This study investigated the effect of different starting reagents on the synthesis of Ba0.8Ca0.2TiO3 (BCT) by complex polymerization method (CPM). Two sets of starting precursors were used: titanium citrate, CaCO3 and BaCO3, and titanium citrate and Ba1-xCaxCO3 solid solution precursor. Samples were crystallized at a temperature range from 400 ℃ to 700 ℃ for different time. The obtained powders were characterized by X-ray diffraction (XRD), thermogravimetry (TG) and differential thermal analysis (DTA), and Raman and infrared spectroscopy. The infrared spectroscopy indicated that the chelation processes of Ba, Ca, Ti and CA ions are very similar. The results showed that the use of CaCO3 and BaCO3 or Ba1-xCaxCO3 solid solution as precursors does not affect the final properties of BCT powders obtained by CPM.

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