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Open Access Editorial Issue
Two sides of one coin: Neurorestoratology and Neurorehabilitation
Journal of Neurorestoratology 2024, 12 (2): 100121
Published: 20 April 2024
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Open Access Editorial Issue
Criticality of an identification standard for mesenchymal stromal cells in clinical investigations
Journal of Neurorestoratology 2024, 12 (2): 100115
Published: 11 April 2024
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Open Access Editorial Issue
Remarks from the journal in the beginning of 2024: Aiming for a higher level
Journal of Neurorestoratology 2024, 12 (1): 100097
Published: 03 February 2024
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Open Access Editorial Issue
The Journal of Neurorestoratology forges ahead: The 10th founding anniversary of the Journal of Neurorestoratology
Journal of Neurorestoratology 2024, 12 (1): 100098
Published: 01 February 2024
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Open Access Practice Guidelines Issue
Clinical neurorestorative treatment guidelines for neurological dysfunctions of sequels from vertebral and spinal cord lesions (CANR 2023 version)
Journal of Neurorestoratology 2023, 11 (3): 100070
Published: 26 July 2023
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Restoring neurological dysfunctions is challenging in patients with the sequels of vertebral and spinal cord lesions. Current guidelines focus on treating the early stage of vertebral and spinal cord lesions, such as tethered cord syndrome, syringomyelia, spinal degenerative diseases, spinal infection, ankylosing spondylitis, myelitis, vertebral and spinal cord vascular malformations, and others, whereas the treatments of the sequels of those lesions have received limited attention. Restoring neurological dysfunctions and damaged structures caused by these lesions could improve patient quality of life. The Chinese Association of Neurorestoratology (Preparatory) and the China Committee of International Association of Neurorestoratology therefore proposed and approved this guideline providing the restorative therapeutic rules and references for physicians to treat patients with neurological dysfunction of sequels from vertebral and spinal cord lesions.

Open Access Editorial Issue
Explanation and elaboration: Development of Beijing Declaration of International Association of Neurorestoratology
Journal of Neurorestoratology 2023, 11 (2): 100057
Published: 08 May 2023
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Open Access Practice Guidelines Issue
Beijing Declaration of International Association of Neurorestoratology (2023 Xi'an version)
Journal of Neurorestoratology 2023, 11 (2): 100055
Published: 29 April 2023
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Open Access Review Issue
The 2022 yearbook of Neurorestoratology
Journal of Neurorestoratology 2023, 11 (2): 100054
Published: 26 April 2023
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There was much progress in the field of Neurorestoratology in the year of 2022. It included highlighting advances in understanding the pathogenesis of neurological diseases, neurorestorative mechanisms, and clinical treatments as compiled in the 2022 yearbook of Neurorestoratology. There is still controversy about whether amyloid β-protein and tau protein deposition are the reasons for or the results of Alzheimer's disease (AD) pathology. The fabricated images in important key articles that speculated on the reasons for AD pathogenesis were found. Cholinergic deficiency and decrease or loss in strength of glutamatergic synapse, limited or failing bidirectional cholinergic upregulation in early cognitive impairment, or progressive posterior-to-anterior cortical cholinergic denervation could result in the appearance of AD. Exploration of neurorestorative mechanisms were found in more detail ways in neuromodulation, immunomodulation, neurogenesis, neural network or circuitry reconstruction, neuroprotection, nervous structural repair, and neuroplasticity. Several kinds of cell therapies for neurological diseases showed neurorestorative effects in open-label and/or non-randomized clinical studies or trials. However, mesenchymal stromal cells and mononuclear cells did not demonstrate neurorestorative effects or improve the quality of life for patients with neurodegenerative diseases or neurotrauma including stroke, spinal cord injury (SCI), and amyotrophic lateral sclerosis in randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled clinical trials (RDPCTs). Clinical treatments through neurostimulation/neuromodulation and the brain-computer/machine interface yielded positive results in AD, Parkinson's disease, stroke, SCI, cerebral palsy, and other diseases in RDPCTs. Neurorestorative surgery, pharmaceutical neurorestorative therapy and other interventions have demonstrated neurorestorative effects for various considered incurable neurological diseases in RDPCTs. Thus, this year, additional guidelines, assessment scales, and standards were set up or revised. These included guidelines of clinical neurorestorative treatments for brain trauma (2022 China version), clinical cell therapy guidelines for neurorestoration (IANR/CANR 2022), SCI or dysfunction quality of life rating scale (SCIDQLRS) (IANR 2022 version). Neurorestorative effects of varying therapeutic strategies with higher standards of evidence-based medicine are now benefiting patients with currently incurable neurological diseases. Hopefully some of them may become routine therapeutic interventions for patients with these diseases in the near future.

Open Access Practice Guidelines Issue
Spinal Cord Injury or Dysfunction Quality of Life Rating Scale (SCIDQLRS) (IANR 2022 version)
Journal of Neurorestoratology 2022, 10 (3): 100016
Published: 17 August 2022
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The scales evaluating patients' neurological functions and quality of life are the basis of clinical evaluation and/or scientific research of nervous system diseases. Neurological functions of patients with spinal cord injury (SCI) are commonly assessed by using American Spinal Injury Association (ASIA) Impairment Scale or International Standards for Neurological Classification of Spinal Cord Injury (ISNCSCI). Generally, the quality of life for SCI patients is evaluated by using several available evaluating scales. International Association of Neurorestoratology (IANR) Spinal Cord Injury Functional Rating Scale (IANR-SCIFRS) was designed as one single method to assess various items of quality of life related with SCI, including male sexual function. However, in clinical practice, the ability of returning to society is an important index of quality of life after SCI. Additionally, the female patients' sexual function after SCI that has been neglected in the past should be reconsidered following neurorestorative treatments. Even more, this scale also can be applied to assess the quality of life in patients with spinal cord dysfunction due to diseases or disorders. Thus, the IANR added the ability of returning to society and female patients' sexual function in the current revised version and renamed the scale as Spinal Cord Injury or Dysfunction Quality of Life Rating Scale (SCIDQLRS) (IANR 2022 version). Hopefully, this revised scale is widely used to expand enhanced improvements of quality of life following neurorestorative treatments in patients with SCI or spinal cord dysfunction.

Open Access Practice Guidelines Issue
Clinical cell therapy guidelines for neurorestoration (IANR/CANR 2022)
Journal of Neurorestoratology 2022, 10 (3): 100015
Published: 30 July 2022
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Cell therapy has been shown to be a crucial clinical therapeutic option for central nervous system diseases or damage. Promoting standardization of clinical cell therapy procedures is essential for professional associations devoted to cell therapy. The International Association of Neurorestoratology (IANR) and the Chinese Association of Neurorestoratology (CANR; Preparatory) collaborated to release Clinical Cell Therapy Guidelines for Neurorestoration (IANR/CANR 2017) in 2018. Due to recent advances and achievements in clinical cell therapy worldwide in recent years, IANR and CANR have renewed and updated the guidelines. Except for the requirements of equipment, personnel, and ethics, these revised guidelines include cell type nomenclature, cell quality control, cell types in clinical application, minimal suggested cellular doses, patient-informed consent, indications and contraindications for undergoing cell therapy, documentation of procedure and therapy, safety evaluation, efficacy evaluation, the policy of repeated treatments, do not charge patients for unproven therapies, basic principles of cell therapy, and publishing responsibility. IANR/CANR recommends that all clinical practitioners follow these cellular therapy guidelines. These guidelines provide references of better cell types, doses, routes, and therapeutic timing windows in different diseases.

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