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Obtaining stable aqueous K-ion capacitors is still challenging due to the cathode materials tended to structurally collapse after long-term cycling during large-radius K-ion insertion/extraction. In this work, three different typical MXene electrodes, i.e., Nb2C, Ti2C, and Ti3C2 were individually investigated upon their electrochemical behaviors for potassium-ion (K-ion) storage. All these MXene materials exhibited pseudocapacitive-dominated behaviors, fast kinetics, and durable K-ion storage, delivering superior performance compared with other K-ion host materials. According to the experimental results, it could be ascribed to the intrinsically large interlayer distance for K-ion transport and the superb structural stability of MXene even subjected to long-term potassiation/depotassiation process.


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Building durable aqueous K-ion capacitors based on MXene family

Show Author's information Guojin Liang1,§Xinliang Li1,§Yanbo Wang1Shuo Yang1Zhaodong Huang1Qi Yang1Donghong Wang1Binbin Dong2Minshen Zhu3Chunyi Zhi1,4 ( )
Department of Materials Science and Engineering, City University of Hong Kong, 83 Tat Chee Avenue, Kowloon 999077, Hong Kong SAR, China
National Engineering Research Center for Advanced Polymer Processing Technology, Zhengzhou University, Zhengzhou 450002, China
Research Center for Materials, Architectures and Integration of Nanomembranes (MAIN), Chemnitz University of Technology, Chemnitz 09126, Germany
Centre for Functional Photonics, City University of Hong Kong, Kowloon 999077, Hong Kong SAR, China

§ Guojin Liang and Xinliang Li contributed equally to this work.

Abstract

Obtaining stable aqueous K-ion capacitors is still challenging due to the cathode materials tended to structurally collapse after long-term cycling during large-radius K-ion insertion/extraction. In this work, three different typical MXene electrodes, i.e., Nb2C, Ti2C, and Ti3C2 were individually investigated upon their electrochemical behaviors for potassium-ion (K-ion) storage. All these MXene materials exhibited pseudocapacitive-dominated behaviors, fast kinetics, and durable K-ion storage, delivering superior performance compared with other K-ion host materials. According to the experimental results, it could be ascribed to the intrinsically large interlayer distance for K-ion transport and the superb structural stability of MXene even subjected to long-term potassiation/depotassiation process.

Keywords:

aqueous K-ion capacitor, MXene family, superior cyclic stability
Published: 28 March 2022 Issue date: June 2022
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Published: 28 March 2022
Issue date: June 2022

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© The Author(s) 2022. Published by Tsinghua University Press.

Acknowledgements

Acknowledgements

This research was supported by GRF under Project N_CityU11305218. The work was also partially sponsored by the Science Technology and Innovation Committee of Shenzhen Municipality (No. JCYJ20170818103435068) and a Grant from City University of Hong Kong (No. 9667165).

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