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Review Article | Open Access

Regulation and control of wet friction of soft materials using surface texturing: A review

Meng LI1,2,3Wenbin SHI3Jun SHI3Tao WANG1,2,3Liping SHI1,2,3( )Xiaolei WANG4( )
Key Laboratory of Green Fabrication and Surface Technology of Advanced Metal Materials, Anhui University of Technology, Ma’anshan 243002, China
Anhui Province Key Laboratory of Special and Heavy Load Robot, Anhui University of Technology, Ma’anshan 243032, China
School of Mechanical Engineering, Anhui University of Technology, Ma’anshan 243032, China
College of Mechanical & Electrical Engineering, Nanjing University of Aeronautics and Astronautics, Nanjing 210016, China
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Graphical Abstract


Surface texturing is a smart strategy that is commonly used in nature or industry to improve the tribological properties of sliding surfaces. Herein, we focus on the recent research progress pertaining to the wet friction modification of soft elastomers via texturing. To consider the pertinent physical mechanisms, we present and discuss the fundamentals of wet sliding on soft surfaces (including dewetting and wetting transitions in compliant contacts). Subsequently, we consider the methods in which the characteristic textures regulate and control wet sliding behaviors on soft surfaces; these textures range from conventional patterns of dimples to bioinspired architectures and can either positively or adversely impact the interfacial friction force. Furthermore, we briefly address the perspectives, potential applications, and challenges of texture design for modifying the friction characteristics of soft materials.


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Pages 333-353
Cite this article:
LI M, SHI W, SHI J, et al. Regulation and control of wet friction of soft materials using surface texturing: A review. Friction, 2023, 11(3): 333-353.








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Received: 05 July 2021
Revised: 16 December 2021
Accepted: 08 March 2022
Published: 07 July 2022
© The author(s) 2022.

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