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Lithium niobate (LiNbO3) fibers, obtained from the heat treatment of composite fibers (polymer/inorganic precursors), were successfully prepared by using the blow-spinning technique. A chemical solution containing Li and Nb ions, added to poly(vinyl pyrrolidone) solution, was used as precursor solution. The best condition for producing composite fibers was determined. The morphology of green and crystallized fibers was characterized by scanning electron microscopy (SEM) and revealed fibrous structure with an average diameter around 800 nm. X-ray diffraction (XRD) measurement revealed a pure LiNbO3 (LN) phase formation. Detailed studies of dielectric response at various frequencies and temperatures exhibited a dielectric anomaly at 364 ℃. The electrical properties (impedance, modulus, and conductivity) of the fibers were studied using impedance spectroscopy technique. The contributions of grain and grain boundary effects were observed in the LN fibers. The activation energy of the composite fibers was found to be 1.5 eV in the high temperature region (325–400 ℃).


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Structural, dielectric, and electrical properties of lithium niobate microfibers

Show Author's information Cícero Rafael CENAa( )Ajay Kumar BEHERAbBanarji BEHERAb
UFMS—Federal University of Mato Grosso do Sul, CP. 549, 79070-900, Campo Grande-MS, Brazil
School of Physics, Sambalpur University, Jyoti Vihar, Burla-768019, Odisha, India

Abstract

Lithium niobate (LiNbO3) fibers, obtained from the heat treatment of composite fibers (polymer/inorganic precursors), were successfully prepared by using the blow-spinning technique. A chemical solution containing Li and Nb ions, added to poly(vinyl pyrrolidone) solution, was used as precursor solution. The best condition for producing composite fibers was determined. The morphology of green and crystallized fibers was characterized by scanning electron microscopy (SEM) and revealed fibrous structure with an average diameter around 800 nm. X-ray diffraction (XRD) measurement revealed a pure LiNbO3 (LN) phase formation. Detailed studies of dielectric response at various frequencies and temperatures exhibited a dielectric anomaly at 364 ℃. The electrical properties (impedance, modulus, and conductivity) of the fibers were studied using impedance spectroscopy technique. The contributions of grain and grain boundary effects were observed in the LN fibers. The activation energy of the composite fibers was found to be 1.5 eV in the high temperature region (325–400 ℃).

Keywords:

ceramics fibers, composites, chemical synthesis, impedance spectroscopy, dielectric properties
Received: 02 September 2015 Revised: 25 November 2015 Accepted: 03 December 2015 Published: 31 March 2016 Issue date: June 2021
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Publication history

Received: 02 September 2015
Revised: 25 November 2015
Accepted: 03 December 2015
Published: 31 March 2016
Issue date: June 2021

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© The author(s) 2016

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