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Carbon nanotubes (CNTs) have attracted great attentions in the field of electronics, sensors, healthcare, and energy conversion. Such emerging applications have driven the carbon nanotube research in a rapid fashion. Indeed, the structure control over CNTs has inspired an intensive research vortex due to the high promises in electronic and optical device applications. Here, this in-depth review is anticipated to provide insights into the controllable synthesis and applications of high-quality CNTs. First, the general synthesis and post-purification of CNTs are briefly discussed. Then, the state-of-the-art electronic device applications are discussed, including field-effect transistors, gas sensors, DNA biosensors, and pressure gauges. Besides, the optical sensors are delivered based on the photoluminescence. In addition, energy applications of CNTs are discussed such as thermoelectric energy generators. Eventually, future opportunities are proposed for the Internet of Things (IoT) oriented sensors, data processing, and artificial intelligence.

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Emerging Internet of Things driven carbon nanotubes-based devices

Show Author's information Shu Zhang19§Jinbo Pang( )Yufen LiFeng Yang2( )Thomas Gemming3Kai Wang5Xiao Wang6Songang Peng78Xiaoyan Liu1Bin Chang1Hong Liu14( )Weijia Zhou1Gianaurelio Cuniberti14151617( )Mark H. Rümmeli310111213
Collaborative Innovation Center of Technology and Equipment for Biological Diagnosis and Therapy in Universities of Shandong, Institute for Advanced Interdisciplinary Research (iAIR), University of Jinan, Jinan 250022, China
Department of Chemistry, Guangdong Provincial Key Laboratory of Catalysis, Southern University of Science and Technology, Shenzhen 518055, China
Leibniz Institute for Solid State and Materials Research Dresden, P.O. Box 270116, Dresden D-01171, Germany
State Key Laboratory of Crystal Materials, Center of Bio & Micro/Nano Functional Materials, Shandong University, 27 Shandanan Road, Jinan 250100, China
School of Electrical Engineering, Qingdao University, Qingdao 266071, China
Shenzhen Institutes of Advanced Technology, Chinese Academy of Sciences 1068 Xueyuan Avenue, Shenzhen University Town, Shenzhen 518055, China
High-Frequency High-Voltage Device and Integrated Circuits R&D Center, Institute of Microelectronics, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100029, China
Key Laboratory of Microelectronic Devices & Integrated Technology, Institute of Microelectronics, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100029, China
School of Chemistry and Chemical Engineering, University of Jinan, Jinan 250022, China
College of Energy, Soochow Institute for Energy and Materials Innovations, Soochow University, Suzhou 215006, China
Key Laboratory of Advanced Carbon Materials and Wearable Energy Technologies of Jiangsu Province, Soochow University, Suzhou 215006, China
Centre of Polymer and Carbon Materials, Polish Academy of Sciences, M. Curie Sklodowskiej 34, Zabrze 41-819, Poland
Institute of Environmental Technology (CEET), VŠB-Technical University of Ostrava, 17. Listopadu 15, Ostrava 708 33, Czech Republic
Dresden Center for Computational Materials Science, Technische Universität Dresden, Dresden 01062, Germany
Dresden Center for Intelligent Materials (GCL DCIM), Technische Universität Dresden, Dresden 01062, Germany
Institute for Materials Science and Max Bergmann Center of Biomaterials, Technische Universität Dresden, Dresden 01069, Germany
Center for Advancing Electronics Dresden, Technische Universität Dresden, Dresden 01069, Germany

§ Shu Zhang, Jinbo Pang, and Yufen Li contributed equally to this work.


Carbon nanotubes (CNTs) have attracted great attentions in the field of electronics, sensors, healthcare, and energy conversion. Such emerging applications have driven the carbon nanotube research in a rapid fashion. Indeed, the structure control over CNTs has inspired an intensive research vortex due to the high promises in electronic and optical device applications. Here, this in-depth review is anticipated to provide insights into the controllable synthesis and applications of high-quality CNTs. First, the general synthesis and post-purification of CNTs are briefly discussed. Then, the state-of-the-art electronic device applications are discussed, including field-effect transistors, gas sensors, DNA biosensors, and pressure gauges. Besides, the optical sensors are delivered based on the photoluminescence. In addition, energy applications of CNTs are discussed such as thermoelectric energy generators. Eventually, future opportunities are proposed for the Internet of Things (IoT) oriented sensors, data processing, and artificial intelligence.

Keywords: artificial intelligence, Internet of Things, carbon nanotubes, sensors, electronics, electronic skins



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Publication history
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Publication history

Received: 23 August 2021
Revised: 28 October 2021
Accepted: 09 November 2021
Published: 13 January 2022
Issue date: May 2022


© The Author(s) 2021



The authors acknowledge the financial funds of the National Key Research and Development Program of China (No. 2017YFB0405400) and the Project of “20 items of University” of Jinan (No. 2018GXRC031). W. J. Z thanks the National Natural Science Foundation of China (No. 52022037) and Taishan Scholars Project Special Funds (No. tsqn201812083). J. B. P. shows his gratitude to the National Natural Science Foundation of China (No. 51802116) and the Natural Science Foundation of Shandong Province, China (No. ZR2019BEM040). F. Y. was supported by the National Natural Science Foundation of China (Nos. 52002165, 92161124, and 21631002), the National Key Research and Development Program of China (No. 2021YFA0717400), Shenzhen Basic Research Project (Nos. JCYJ20210324104808022 and JCYJ20170817113121505), Beijing National Laboratory for Molecular Sciences (No. BNLMS202013), Guangdong Provincial Natural Science Foundation (No. 2021A1515010229), Innovation Project for Guangdong Provincial Department of Education (No. 2019KTSCX155), and Guangdong Provincial Key Laboratory of Catalysis (No. 2020B121201002). M. H. R. thanks the National Science Foundation China (No. 52071225), the National Science Center and the Czech Republic under the ERDF program “Institute of Environmental Technology-Excellent Research” (No. CZ.02.1.01/0.0/0.0/16_019/0000853) and the Sino-German Research Institute for support (Project No. GZ 1400).

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