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Modern software development has moved toward agile growth and rapid delivery, where developers must meet the changing needs of users instantaneously. In such a situation, plug-and-play Third-Party Libraries (TPLs) introduce a considerable amount of convenience to developers. However, selecting the exact candidate that meets the project requirements from the countless TPLs is challenging for developers. Previous works have considered setting up a personalized recommender system to suggest TPLs for developers. Unfortunately, these approaches rarely consider the complex relationships between applications and TPLs, and are unsatisfactory in accuracy, training speed, and convergence speed. In this paper, we propose a new end-to-end recommendation model called Neighbor Library-Aware Graph Neural Network (NLA-GNN). Unlike previous works, we only initialize one type of node embedding, and construct and update all types of node representations using Graph Neural Networks (GNN). We use a simplified graph convolution operation to alternate the information propagation process to increase the training efficiency and eliminate the heterogeneity of the app-library bipartite graph, thus efficiently modeling the complex high-order relationships between the app and the library. Extensive experiments on large-scale real-world datasets demonstrate that NLA-GNN achieves consistent and remarkable improvements over state-of-the-art baselines for TPL recommendation tasks.


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Neighbor Library-Aware Graph Neural Network for Third Party Library Recommendation

Show Author's information Ying Jin1Yi Zhang2Yiwen Zhang2( )
School of Artificial Intelligence and Big Data, Hefei University, Hefei 230601, China
School of Computer Science and Technology, Anhui University, Hefei 230601, China

Abstract

Modern software development has moved toward agile growth and rapid delivery, where developers must meet the changing needs of users instantaneously. In such a situation, plug-and-play Third-Party Libraries (TPLs) introduce a considerable amount of convenience to developers. However, selecting the exact candidate that meets the project requirements from the countless TPLs is challenging for developers. Previous works have considered setting up a personalized recommender system to suggest TPLs for developers. Unfortunately, these approaches rarely consider the complex relationships between applications and TPLs, and are unsatisfactory in accuracy, training speed, and convergence speed. In this paper, we propose a new end-to-end recommendation model called Neighbor Library-Aware Graph Neural Network (NLA-GNN). Unlike previous works, we only initialize one type of node embedding, and construct and update all types of node representations using Graph Neural Networks (GNN). We use a simplified graph convolution operation to alternate the information propagation process to increase the training efficiency and eliminate the heterogeneity of the app-library bipartite graph, thus efficiently modeling the complex high-order relationships between the app and the library. Extensive experiments on large-scale real-world datasets demonstrate that NLA-GNN achieves consistent and remarkable improvements over state-of-the-art baselines for TPL recommendation tasks.

Keywords:

Third-Party Library (TPL), TPL recommendation, Graph Neural Network (GNN), bipartite graph
Received: 13 June 2022 Revised: 01 September 2022 Accepted: 26 September 2022 Published: 06 January 2023 Issue date: August 2023
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Publication history

Received: 13 June 2022
Revised: 01 September 2022
Accepted: 26 September 2022
Published: 06 January 2023
Issue date: August 2023

Copyright

© The author(s) 2023.

Acknowledgements

This work was supported by the Key Project of Nature Science Research for Universities of Anhui Province of China (No. KJ2020A0657), the National Natural Science Foundation of China (Nos. 62272001, 61872002, and 62276146), and the University Collaborative Innovation Project of Anhui Province (No. GXXT-2021-087).

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