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Research Article | Open Access

Rapid and highly sensitive detection of formaldehyde gas via a polyoxometalate–CuBi2O4 composite gas sensor

Pinfan SongYing YangFeng LiHui YuXiangting DongTianqi Wang ( )
Key Laboratory of Applied Chemistry and Nanotechnology at Universities of Jilin Province, School of Chemistry and Environmental Engineering, Changchun University of Science and Technology, Changchun 130022, China
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Abstract

Quick response and high sensitivity are equally important for the practical application of gas sensors. In this study, we introduced polyoxometalates (POMs) into a classical ternary metal oxide CuBi2O4 for the first time by convenient electrospinning and prepared a group of heater-type gas sensors by using CuBi2O4/PW12 composite nanofibers. The sensor performances to formaldehyde gas were explored. The results proved that the gas-sensing response of the CuBi2O4/PW12 (PW12 = H3PW12O40·xH2O) composite sensor to 100 ppm formaldehyde gas was increased to 6.68, which was 3.92 times greater than the sensing capacity of the pure CuBi2O4 sensor. Simultaneously, the sensor exhibited a highly rapid response/recovery time of only 1/2 s, which is significantly faster than performances of CuBi2O4 gas sensors reported in the past literature. The cause of the improvement of the sensing performance was assessed via mechanism study, and it was found that the introduction of PW12 into the sensor contributed to its enhanced performance. It was found that PW12, as an electron acceptor, increased carrier mobility and reduced electron–hole recombination, thus contributing to enhanced gas-sensing properties. Moreover, other gas-sensing parameters such as selectivity, humidity resistance, repeatability, long-term stability were investigated. Hence, this study contributed to the literature on the development of polyoxometalates-based gas sensors.

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Polyoxometalates
Article number: 9140053
Cite this article:
Song P, Yang Y, Li F, et al. Rapid and highly sensitive detection of formaldehyde gas via a polyoxometalate–CuBi2O4 composite gas sensor. Polyoxometalates, 2024, 3(2): 9140053. https://doi.org/10.26599/POM.2024.9140053

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Received: 09 October 2023
Revised: 23 December 2023
Accepted: 02 January 2024
Published: 17 January 2024
© The Author(s) 2024. Published by Tsinghua University Press.

Open Access This article is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License (CC BY 4.0), which permits reusers to distribute, remix, adapt, and build upon the material in any medium or format, so long as attribution is given to the original author(s) and the source, provide a link to the license, and indicate if changes were made. See http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/

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