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Polyoxometalate (POM)-based binary and ternary hybrids, including combinations of POMs, semiconductors, nanostructured carbon (carbon nanotubes, graphene, carbon dots, etc.), and metal nanoparticles (MNPs), are key materials in photoelectrocatalysis. POM plays a key role in the construction of nanohybrids and contributes to their photoelectrochemical catalytic properties. These composites combine the properties of two or three functional nanoscale materials, resulting in a wide range of applications, including catalysis, energy conversion and storage, molecular sensors, and electronics. Herein, we summarize the latest progress in POM-based binary nanohybrids (POM/metal, POM/semiconductor, and POM/nanocarbon) and ternary nanohybrids (metal/POM/nanocarbon), particularly in energy materials for photocatalysis, fuel cells, biosensors, and photoelectrochemical devices. Current applications are critically assessed, and promising target systems are discussed.

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Design and synthesis of novel polyoxometalate-based binary and ternary nanohybrids for energy conversion and storage

Show Author's information Shuangshuang Zhang1,2Rongji Liu3Carsten Streb3 ( )Guangjin Zhang1,4,5 ( )
Key Laboratory of Green Process and Engineering, Institute of Process Engineering, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100190, China
College of Chemistry, Chemical Engineering and Materials Science, Shandong Normal University, Jinan 250014, China
Department of Chemistry, Johannes Gutenberg University Mainz, Duesbergweg 10–14, 55128 Mainz, Germany
University of Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100049, China
Key Laboratory of Green and High-value Utilization of Salt Lake Resources, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100190, China


Polyoxometalate (POM)-based binary and ternary hybrids, including combinations of POMs, semiconductors, nanostructured carbon (carbon nanotubes, graphene, carbon dots, etc.), and metal nanoparticles (MNPs), are key materials in photoelectrocatalysis. POM plays a key role in the construction of nanohybrids and contributes to their photoelectrochemical catalytic properties. These composites combine the properties of two or three functional nanoscale materials, resulting in a wide range of applications, including catalysis, energy conversion and storage, molecular sensors, and electronics. Herein, we summarize the latest progress in POM-based binary nanohybrids (POM/metal, POM/semiconductor, and POM/nanocarbon) and ternary nanohybrids (metal/POM/nanocarbon), particularly in energy materials for photocatalysis, fuel cells, biosensors, and photoelectrochemical devices. Current applications are critically assessed, and promising target systems are discussed.

Keywords: electrocatalysis, polyoxometalate, photoelectrocatalysis, binary nanohybrids, ternary nanohybrids



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Publication history
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Publication history

Received: 04 July 2023
Revised: 14 September 2023
Accepted: 26 September 2023
Published: 30 September 2023
Issue date: October 2023


© The Author(s) 2023. Polyoxometalates published by Tsinghua University Press.



This work is supported by the National Natural Science Foundation of China (Nos. 22178361 and 22378402), the International Partnership Project of Chinese Academy of Sciences (No. 039GJHZ2022029GC), the Deutsche Forschungsgemeinschaft DFG (TRR 234 “CataLight”, grant no: 364549901) and the European Research Council ERC (project “SupraVox”, grant no: 101002212). R. J. L. acknowledges the Alexander-von-Humboldt-Foundation for a postdoctoral fellowship.

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