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Biao Hu was one of the eight famous traditional crafts in the late Qing dynasty. This skill involved decorating the interiors of ancient buildings such as ceilings, walls, and windows and creating burial objects. It was primarily used for wooden buildings in northern China during the early Qing dynasty. For example, there is white-patterned wallpaper in the Forbidden City utilizing both traditional and nontraditional patterns. Moreover, there was wallpaper with a special pattern in the Lodge of the Bamboo Fragrance (Zhuxiang Guan). Its structure and composition were studied via morphological observations and spectral analyses, the pigments and dyes were analyzed by Raman spectroscopy and ultra-high performance liquid chromatography-mass spectrum (UPLC-MS). Traditional technology and exchanges between China and the West were discussed by the study of patterned wallpapers in other buildings of the Forbidden City.


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Techniques of Wallpaper (Biao Hu) in the Palace Museum: A Case Study of the Lodge of Bamboo Fragrance (Zhuxiang Guan)

Show Author's information Yue Ma1,2( )
Department of Conservation Science and Technology, The Palace Museum, Beijing, 100009, China
Key Laboratory of Calligraphy and Paintings Conservation, Ministry of Culture and Tourism, Beijing, 100020, China

Abstract

Biao Hu was one of the eight famous traditional crafts in the late Qing dynasty. This skill involved decorating the interiors of ancient buildings such as ceilings, walls, and windows and creating burial objects. It was primarily used for wooden buildings in northern China during the early Qing dynasty. For example, there is white-patterned wallpaper in the Forbidden City utilizing both traditional and nontraditional patterns. Moreover, there was wallpaper with a special pattern in the Lodge of the Bamboo Fragrance (Zhuxiang Guan). Its structure and composition were studied via morphological observations and spectral analyses, the pigments and dyes were analyzed by Raman spectroscopy and ultra-high performance liquid chromatography-mass spectrum (UPLC-MS). Traditional technology and exchanges between China and the West were discussed by the study of patterned wallpapers in other buildings of the Forbidden City.

Keywords: the Palace Museum, wallpaper, wooden structure

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DOI
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Publication history

Received: 31 May 2023
Accepted: 26 June 2023
Published: 25 July 2023
Issue date: July 2023

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© 2023 Published by Paper and Biomaterials Editorial Board.

Acknowledgements

The author would like to express gratitude to Duan Peiquan for helping perform the Micro-XRF tests and his substantial contribution to this study, Zhao Congshan for providing the sample, and Li Yue for introducing the wallpaper craft. The authors are grateful for the support from the National Key R & D Program of China (2019YFC1520300).

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The articles published in this open access journal are distributed under the terms and conditions of the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License (https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0/).

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