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In response to the rapid development of highly integrated multifunctional electronic devices, developing advanced multifunctional composite phase change materials (PCMs) that integrate thermal management, solar-thermal conversion and microwave absorption has become increasingly essential. Herein, we propose a bionical strategy to design neural network-like (carbon nanofiber) CNF@Co/C aerogels by growing ZIF-67 in situ on bacterial cellulose (BC) and subsequent calcination strategies. After the encapsulation of thermal storage unit (paraffin wax, PW), the obtained multifunctional composite PCMs (PW-CNF@Co/C aerogel) are composed of “soma” (Co/C polyhedra), “axon” (porous CNF) and thermal storage unit (PW). Importantly, the composite PCMs show a high solar-thermal conversion efficiency of 95.27% benefiting from the synergism of “soma” with strong local surface plasmon resonance (LSPR) effect and “axon” with enhanced photon transmission path. More attractively, the composite PCMs also display good microwave absorption capacity with a minimum reflection loss (RL) of -26.8 dB at 10.91 GHz owing to the synergy of magnetic and dielectric components along with abundant polarization and multiple reflections. Our developed functionally integrated composite PCMs provide a prospective application of highly integrated and miniaturized electronic devices in complex and changeable outdoor environments.


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Neural network-inspired hybrid aerogel boosting solar thermal storage and microwave absorption

Show Author's information Yang Li1,2,§Panpan Liu1,2,§Peicheng Li3Yuhao Feng1,2Yan Gao4Xuemei Diao1,2Xiao Chen1( )Ge Wang4( )
Institute of Advanced Materials, Beijing Normal University, Beijing 100875, China
College of Nuclear Science and Technology, Beijing Normal University, Beijing 100875, China
School of Environment, Beijing Normal University, Beijing 100875, China
Beijing Advanced Innovation Center for Materials Genome Engineering, Beijing Key Laboratory of Function Materials for Molecule & Structure Construction, School of Materials Science and Engineering, University of Science and Technology Beijing, Beijing 100083, China

§ Yang Li and Panpan Liu contributed equally to this work.

Abstract

In response to the rapid development of highly integrated multifunctional electronic devices, developing advanced multifunctional composite phase change materials (PCMs) that integrate thermal management, solar-thermal conversion and microwave absorption has become increasingly essential. Herein, we propose a bionical strategy to design neural network-like (carbon nanofiber) CNF@Co/C aerogels by growing ZIF-67 in situ on bacterial cellulose (BC) and subsequent calcination strategies. After the encapsulation of thermal storage unit (paraffin wax, PW), the obtained multifunctional composite PCMs (PW-CNF@Co/C aerogel) are composed of “soma” (Co/C polyhedra), “axon” (porous CNF) and thermal storage unit (PW). Importantly, the composite PCMs show a high solar-thermal conversion efficiency of 95.27% benefiting from the synergism of “soma” with strong local surface plasmon resonance (LSPR) effect and “axon” with enhanced photon transmission path. More attractively, the composite PCMs also display good microwave absorption capacity with a minimum reflection loss (RL) of -26.8 dB at 10.91 GHz owing to the synergy of magnetic and dielectric components along with abundant polarization and multiple reflections. Our developed functionally integrated composite PCMs provide a prospective application of highly integrated and miniaturized electronic devices in complex and changeable outdoor environments.

Keywords: phase change materials, microwave absorption, thermal energy storage, solar-thermal conversion, bionic design

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Publication history

Received: 16 February 2024
Revised: 17 March 2024
Accepted: 22 March 2024
Published: 03 April 2024

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© The Author(s) 2024. Published by Tsinghua University Press.

Acknowledgements

Acknowledgement

This work was financially supported by the National Natural Science Foundation of China (No. 51902025). The authors thank Rong Liu from Analytical and Testing Center of Beijing Normal University for assistance with the XRD measurements.

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