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Research Article | Open Access

Wearable energy harvesting-storage hybrid textiles as on-body self-charging power systems

Feifan Sheng1,2,§Bo Zhang4,§Renwei Cheng1,3Chuanhui Wei1,3Shen Shen1,3Chuan Ning1,3Jun Yang1Yunbing Wang4Zhong Lin Wang1,5( )Kai Dong1,3( )
CAS Center for Excellence in Nanoscience Beijing Key Laboratory of Micro-Nano Energy and Sensor, Beijing Institute of Nanoenergy and Nanosystems, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 101400, China
Hefei Normal University, Hefei 230601, China
School of Nanoscience and Technology, University of Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100049, China
National Engineering Research Center for Biomaterials, Sichuan University, Chengdu 610064, China
School of Material Science and Engineering, Georgia Institute of Technology, Atlanta, GA 30332, USA

§ Feifan Sheng and Bo Zhang contributed equally to this work.

Show Author Information

Graphical Abstract

A wearable sustainable energy harvesting-storage hybrid self-charging power textile is developed. The power textile consists of a coaxial fiber-shaped polylactic acid/reduced graphene oxide/polypyrrole (PLA-rGO-PPy) triboelectric nanogenerator (fiber-TENG) that can harvest low-frequency and irregular energy during human motion as a power generation unit, and a novel coaxial fiber-shaped supercapacitor (fiber-SC) prepared by functionalized loading of a wet-spinning graphene oxide fiber as an energy storage unit. The fiber-TENG and fiber-SC are flexible yarn structures for wearable continuous human movement energy harvesting and storage as on-body self-charging power systems, with great portability and wide applicability. The integrated power textile can provide an efficient route for sustainable working of wearable electronics.

Abstract

The rapid development of wearable electronics requires its energy supply part to be flexible, wearable, integratable and sustainable. However, some of the energy supply units cannot meet these requirements at the same time, and there is also a capacity limitation of the energy storage units, and the development of sustainable wearable self-charging power supplies is crucial. Here, we report a wearable sustainable energy harvesting-storage hybrid self-charging power textile. The power textile consists of a coaxial fiber-shaped polylactic acid/reduced graphene oxide/polypyrrole (PLA-rGO-PPy) triboelectric nanogenerator (fiber-TENG) that can harvest low-frequency and irregular energy during human motion as a power generation unit, and a novel coaxial fiber-shaped supercapacitor (fiber-SC) prepared by functionalized loading of a wet-spinning graphene oxide fiber as an energy storage unit. The fiber-TENG is flexible, knittable, wearable and adaptable for integration with various portable electronics. The coaxial fiber-SC has high volumetric energy density and good cycling stability. The fiber-TENG and fiber-SC are flexible yarn structures for wearable continuous human movement energy harvesting and storage as on-body self-charging power systems, with light-weight, ease of preparation, great portability and wide applicability. The integrated power textile can provide an efficient route for sustainable working of wearable electronics.

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Nano Research Energy
Pages e9120079-e9120079
Cite this article:
Sheng F, Zhang B, Cheng R, et al. Wearable energy harvesting-storage hybrid textiles as on-body self-charging power systems. Nano Research Energy, 2023, 2: e9120079. https://doi.org/10.26599/NRE.2023.9120079

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Received: 04 March 2023
Revised: 03 May 2023
Accepted: 05 May 2023
Published: 01 June 2023
© The Author(s) 2023. Published by Tsinghua University Press.

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