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Review Article | Open Access

Recent progress in carbon-based electrochemical catalysts: From structure design to potential applications

Jixin Yan1Fenghui Ye1Quanbin Dai3Xinyue Ma1Zhihai Fang1Liming Dai2( )Chuangang Hu1( )
State Key Laboratory of Organic-Inorganic Composites, College of Chemical Engineering, Beijing University of Chemical Technology, Beijing 100029, China
Australian Carbon Materials Centre (A-CMC), School of Chemical Engineering, University of New South Wales, Sydney, NSW 2052, Australia
Department of Macromolecular Science and Engineering, Case School of Engineering, Case Western Reserve University, Cleveland, Ohio 44106, USA
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Graphical Abstract


Advances in research and development of carbon-based metal-free electrocatalysts (C-MFECs) have provided potential alternatives to precious metal catalysts for various reactions important to renewable energy and environmental remediation. This timely but critical review provides an overview of recent breakthroughs (within the past 5 years or so) on C-MFECs in all aspects, including the design and regulation of intrinsic catalytic active sites, design and synthesis of carbon composite and hybrid carbon catalysts, mechanism understanding, and potential applications in clean energy storage and energy/chemical conversion. Current challenges and future opportunities in the field of metal-free carbon electrocatalysis are also discussed to provide forward-looking opportunities for their potential applications in various catalytic processes of practical significance.



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Nano Research Energy
Article number: e9120047
Cite this article:
Yan J, Ye F, Dai Q, et al. Recent progress in carbon-based electrochemical catalysts: From structure design to potential applications. Nano Research Energy, 2023, 2: e9120047.










Received: 08 October 2022
Revised: 19 November 2022
Accepted: 25 November 2022
Published: 14 December 2022
© The Author(s) 2023. Published by Tsinghua University Press.

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