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Zn-based batteries have attracted extensive attention due to their high theoretical energy density, safety, abundant resources, environmental friendliness, and low cost. They are a new energy storage and conversion technology with significant development potential and have been widely used in renewable energy and portable electronic devices. Considerable attempts have been devoted to improving the performance of Zn-based batteries. Specifically, battery cycle life and energy efficiency can be improved by electrolyte modification and the construction of highly efficient rechargeable Zn anodes. This review compiles the progress of the research related to Zn anodes and electrolytes, especially in the last five years. This review will introduce fundamental concepts, summarize recent development, and inspire further systematic research for high-performance Zn-based batteries in the future.

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Recent advances and perspectives for Zn-based batteries: Zn anode and electrolyte

Show Author's information Huaiyun Ge1,§Xilan Feng2,§Dapeng Liu1( )Yu Zhang1,3( )
Key Laboratory of Bio-inspired Smart Interfacial Science and Technology of Ministry of Education School of Chemistry, Beihang University, Beijing 100191, China
Department of Automation Science and Electrical Engineering, Beihang University, Beijing 100191, China
Beijing Advanced Innovation Center for Biomedical Engineering, Beihang University, Beijing 100191, China

§ Huaiyun Ge and Xilan Feng contributed equally to this work.


Zn-based batteries have attracted extensive attention due to their high theoretical energy density, safety, abundant resources, environmental friendliness, and low cost. They are a new energy storage and conversion technology with significant development potential and have been widely used in renewable energy and portable electronic devices. Considerable attempts have been devoted to improving the performance of Zn-based batteries. Specifically, battery cycle life and energy efficiency can be improved by electrolyte modification and the construction of highly efficient rechargeable Zn anodes. This review compiles the progress of the research related to Zn anodes and electrolytes, especially in the last five years. This review will introduce fundamental concepts, summarize recent development, and inspire further systematic research for high-performance Zn-based batteries in the future.

Keywords: surface modification, cycle life, Zn-air/ion batteries, Zn anode, stripping/plating, growth control, electrolyte



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Publication history
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Publication history

Received: 31 August 2022
Revised: 07 October 2022
Accepted: 13 October 2022
Published: 22 November 2022
Issue date: March 2023


© The Author(s) 2023. Published by Tsinghua University Press.


This work was financially supported by the National Natural Science Foundation of China (No. 51925202 and 51972008).

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