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Perovskite solar cells (Pero-SCs) exhibited a bright future for the next generation of photovoltaic technology because of their high power conversion efficiency (PCE), low cost, and simple solution process. The certified laboratory-scale PCE has reached 25.7% referred to small scale (< 0.1 cm2) of Pero-SCs. However, with the increase of the area to module scale, the PCE drops dramatically mainly due to the inadequate regulation of growing large-area perovskite films. Therefore, there is a dire need to produce high-quality perovskite films for large-area photovoltaic modules. Herein, we summarize the recent advances in perovskite photovoltaic modules (PPMs) with particular attention paid to the coating methods, as well as the growth regulation of the high-quality and large-area perovskite films. Furthermore, this study encompasses future development directions and prospects for PPMs.

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High-performance large-area perovskite photovoltaic modules

Show Author's information Liang Chu1( )Shuaibo Zhai2Waqar Ahmad3Jing Zhang4( )Yue Zang1Wensheng Yan1( )Yongfang Li5
Institute of Carbon Neutrality and New Energy & School of Electronics and Information, Hangzhou Dianzi University, Hangzhou 310018, China
School of Electronic and Optic Engineering, Nanjing University of Posts and Telecommunications, Nanjing 210023, China
Department of Physics, Faculty of Sciences, University of Sialkot, Punjab 51310, Pakistan
School of Materials Science & Engineering, Jiangsu Collaborative Innovation Center of Photovoltaic Science & Engineering, Changzhou University, Changzhou 213164, China
Beijing National Laboratory for Molecular Sciences, CAS Key Laboratory of Organic Solids, Institute of Chemistry, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100190, China


Perovskite solar cells (Pero-SCs) exhibited a bright future for the next generation of photovoltaic technology because of their high power conversion efficiency (PCE), low cost, and simple solution process. The certified laboratory-scale PCE has reached 25.7% referred to small scale (< 0.1 cm2) of Pero-SCs. However, with the increase of the area to module scale, the PCE drops dramatically mainly due to the inadequate regulation of growing large-area perovskite films. Therefore, there is a dire need to produce high-quality perovskite films for large-area photovoltaic modules. Herein, we summarize the recent advances in perovskite photovoltaic modules (PPMs) with particular attention paid to the coating methods, as well as the growth regulation of the high-quality and large-area perovskite films. Furthermore, this study encompasses future development directions and prospects for PPMs.

Keywords: perovskite solar cells, large area, perovskite films, perovskite photovoltaic modules


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Publication history

Received: 25 June 2022
Revised: 17 July 2022
Accepted: 18 July 2022
Published: 24 August 2022
Issue date: September 2022


© The Author(s) 2022. Published by Tsinghua University Press.



This work was funded by the National Natural Science Foundation of China (No. 52172205).

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