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Piezoelectricity offers an electromechanical coupling that is widely utilized in transducer applications. There has been a consistent demand for transparent piezoelectric materials for optoelectrical applications. Therefore, despite the inherent tradeoff between the transparency and the piezoelectricity, numerous strategies have been explored to develop the transparent piezoelectric materials. Nonetheless, the most transparent piezoelectric materials developed to date is either a single crystal or materials that achieve transparency via hot-press sintering, limiting its industrial applicability. Therefore, we introduce a novel piezoelectric material that ensures transparency through co-doping and pressureless sintering of polycrystalline ceramics. In this study, we employed a compositional optimization approach to enhance the synergistic effect between the transparency and the piezoelectric properties of 0.71Pb(Mg1/3Nb2/3)O3–0.29PbTiO3 (PMN–0.29PT) ceramics. By utilizing the tape casting process for mass production and large-area manufacturing, our Pb0.913La0.0145Sm0.0145(Mg1/3Nb2/3)0.71Ti0.29O3 (TP2.9) ceramics exhibited over 60% transparency and large piezoelectric coefficient (d33) of 1104 pC/N. This material holds considerable promise for a wide range of industrial applications in both the optical and electronic domains.


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Transparent high-performance piezoceramics through pressureless sintering

Show Author's information Hye-Lim Yu1,Woo-Seok Kang1,Ju-Hyeon Lee1Temesgen Tadeyos Zate1Young-Jin Lee1Bo-Kun Koo2Dong-Jin Shin2Min-Soo Kim2Soon-Jong Jeong2Young Ghyu Ahn3Wook Jo1( )
Department of Material Science and Engineering, Ulsan National Institute of Science and Technology, Ulsan 44919, Republic of Korea
Energy Conversion Research Center, Korea Electrotechnology Research Institute, Changwon 51543, Republic of Korea
MLCC Development Team, Component Biz. Unit, Samsung Electro-Mechanics Co. Ltd., Suwon 16674, Republic of Korea

Hye-Lim Yu and Woo-Seok Kang contributed equally to this work.

Abstract

Piezoelectricity offers an electromechanical coupling that is widely utilized in transducer applications. There has been a consistent demand for transparent piezoelectric materials for optoelectrical applications. Therefore, despite the inherent tradeoff between the transparency and the piezoelectricity, numerous strategies have been explored to develop the transparent piezoelectric materials. Nonetheless, the most transparent piezoelectric materials developed to date is either a single crystal or materials that achieve transparency via hot-press sintering, limiting its industrial applicability. Therefore, we introduce a novel piezoelectric material that ensures transparency through co-doping and pressureless sintering of polycrystalline ceramics. In this study, we employed a compositional optimization approach to enhance the synergistic effect between the transparency and the piezoelectric properties of 0.71Pb(Mg1/3Nb2/3)O3–0.29PbTiO3 (PMN–0.29PT) ceramics. By utilizing the tape casting process for mass production and large-area manufacturing, our Pb0.913La0.0145Sm0.0145(Mg1/3Nb2/3)0.71Ti0.29O3 (TP2.9) ceramics exhibited over 60% transparency and large piezoelectric coefficient (d33) of 1104 pC/N. This material holds considerable promise for a wide range of industrial applications in both the optical and electronic domains.

Keywords: co-doping, pressureless sintering, transparency, tape casting, piezoelectric ceramics

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Received: 18 November 2023
Revised: 14 March 2024
Accepted: 14 March 2024
Published: 28 May 2024
Issue date: May 2024

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© The Author(s) 2024.

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Acknowledgements

This research was supported by the Korea Electrotechnology Research Institute (KERI) Primary Research Program through the National Research Council of Science and Technology (NST), funded by the Ministry of Science and ICT (MSIT) (No. 23A01032).

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This is an open access article under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License (CC BY 4.0, http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/).

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