AI Chat Paper
Note: Please note that the following content is generated by AMiner AI. SciOpen does not take any responsibility related to this content.
{{lang === 'zh_CN' ? '文章概述' : 'Summary'}}
{{lang === 'en_US' ? '中' : 'Eng'}}
Chat more with AI
PDF (1.9 MB)
Submit Manuscript AI Chat Paper
Show Outline
Show full outline
Hide outline
Show full outline
Hide outline
Research Article | Open Access

Construction of dual heterogeneous interface between zigzag-like Mo–MXene nanofibers and small CoNi@NC nanoparticles for electromagnetic wave absorption

Xiaojun Zenga,( )Xiao Jianga,Ya NingaFeiyue Hub,cBingbing Fanb( )
School of Materials Science and Engineering, Jingdezhen Ceramic University, Jingdezhen 333403, China
School of Materials Science & Engineering, Zhengzhou University, Zhengzhou 450001, China
Jiangsu Key Laboratory of Advanced Metallic Materials, School of Materials Science and Engineering, Southeast University, Nanjing 211189, China

† Xiaojun Zeng and Xiao Jiang contributed equally to this work.

Show Author Information

Graphical Abstract


Two-dimensional (2D) transition metal carbides (MXene) possess attractive conductivity and abundant surface functional groups, providing immense potential in the field of electromagnetic wave (EMW) absorption. However, high conductivity and spontaneous aggregation of MXene suffer from limited EMW response. Inspired by dielectric–magnetic synergy effect, the strategy of decorating MXene with magnetic elements is expected to solve this challenge. In this work, zigzag-like Mo2TiC2–MXene nanofibers (Mo-based MXene (Mo–MXene) NFs) with cross-linked networks are fabricated by hydrofluoric acid (HF) etching and potassium hydroxide (KOH) shearing processes. Subsequently, Co-metal–organic framework (MOF) and derived CoNi layered double hydroxide (LDH) ultrathin nanosheets are grown inside Mo–MXene NFs, and the N-doped carbon matrix anchored by CoNi alloy nanoparticles formed by pyrolysis is firmly embedded in the Mo–MXene NFs network. Benefiting from synergistic effect of highly dispersed small CoNi alloy nanoparticles, a three-dimensional (3D) conductive network assembled by zigzag-like Mo–MXene NFs, numerous N-doped hollow carbon vesicles, and abundant dual heterogeneous interface, the designed Mo–MXene/CoNi–NC heterostructure provides robust EMW absorption ability with a reflection loss (RL) value of −68.45 dB at the thickness (d) of 4.38 mm. The robust EMW absorption performance can be attributed to excellent dielectric loss, magnetic loss, impedance matching (Z), and multiple scattering and reflection triggered by the unique 3D network structure. This work puts up great potential in developing advanced MXene-based EMW absorption devices.

Electronic Supplementary Material

Download File(s)
JAC0772_ESM.pdf (2.8 MB)


Che RC, Peng LM, Duan XF, et al. Microwave absorption enhancement and complex permittivity and permeability of Fe encapsulated within carbon nanotubes. Adv Mater 2004, 16: 401–405.
Zhang YL, Ruan KP, Zhou K, et al. Controlled distributed Ti3C2Tx hollow microspheres on thermally conductive polyimide composite films for excellent electromagnetic interference shielding. Adv Mater 2023, 35: 2211642.
Wu Y, Tan SJ, Zhao Y, et al. Broadband multispectral compatible absorbers for radar, infrared and visible stealth application. Prog Mater Sci 2023, 135: 101088.
Liu Y, Zhou XF, Jia ZR, et al. Oxygen vacancy-induced dielectric polarization prevails in the electromagnetic wave-absorbing mechanism for Mn-based MOFs-derived composites. Adv Funct Mater 2022, 32: 2204499.
Du H, Zhang QP, Zhao B, et al. Novel hierarchical structure of MoS2/TiO2/Ti3C2Tx composites for dramatically enhanced electromagnetic absorbing properties. J Adv Ceram 2021, 10: 1042–1051.
Zeng XJ, Zhao C, Yin YC, et al. Construction of NiCo2O4 nanosheets-covered Ti3C2Tx MXene heterostructure for remarkable electromagnetic microwave absorption. Carbon 2022, 193: 26–34.
Zeng XJ, Ye YF, Wang YQ, et al. Honeycomb-like MXene/NiFePx–NC with “continuous” single-crystal enabling high activity and robust durability in electrocatalytic oxygen evolution reactions. J Adv Ceram 2023, 12: 553–564.
Pan F, Wu XF, Batalu D, et al. Assembling of low-dimensional aggregates with interlaminar electromagnetic synergy network for high-efficient microwave absorption. Adv Powder Mater 2023, 2: 100100.
Cheng ML, Ying MF, Zhao RZ, et al. Transparent and flexible electromagnetic interference shielding materials by constructing sandwich AgNW@MXene/wood composites. ACS Nano 2022, 16: 16996–17007.
Anasori B, Xie Y, Beidaghi M, et al. Two-dimensional, ordered, double transition metals carbides (MXenes). ACS Nano 2015, 9: 9507–9516.
Wang L, Fang ZW, Zhang JW, et al. High-performance FeCo/NC–Mo2TiC2/carbon nanotube hybrid support catalyst toward oxygen reduction for alkaline anion exchange membrane fuel cell. ACS Sustainable Chem Eng 2022, 10: 15735–15740.
Wu ZY, Shen JH, Li CR, et al. Mo2TiC2 MXene-supported Ru clusters for efficient photothermal reverse water–gas shift. ACS Nano 2023, 17: 1550–1559.
Hu FY, Wang XH, Niu HH, et al. Synthesis and electromagnetic wave absorption of novel Mo2TiC2Tx MXene with diverse etching methods. J Mater Sci 2022, 57: 7849–7862.
Hu FY, Zhang F, Wang XH, et al. Ultrabroad band microwave absorption from hierarchical MoO3/TiO2/Mo2TiC2Tx hybrids via annealing treatment. J Adv Ceram 2022, 11: 1466–1478.
Hu FY, Wang XH, Bao S, et al. Tailoring electromagnetic responses of delaminated Mo2TiC2Tx MXene through the decoration of Ni particles of different morphologies. Chem Eng J 2022, 440: 135855.
Zhou X, Han H, Yan H, et al. Multi-interface self-assembling on MXenes skeleton towards wideband electromagnetic dissipation. Mater Today Phys 2022, 24: 100685.
Sun CH, Li QY, Jia ZR, et al. Hierarchically flower-like structure assembled with porous nanosheet-supported MXene for ultrathin electromagnetic wave absorption. Chem Eng J 2023, 454: 140277.
Du QR, Men QQ, Li RS, et al. Electrostatic adsorption enables layer stacking thickness-dependent hollow Ti3C2Tx MXene bowls for superior electromagnetic wave absorption. Small 2022, 18: 2203609.
Zeng X, Zhao C, Nie T, et al. Construction of 0D/1D/2D MXene nanoribbons–NiCo@NC hierarchical network and their coupling effect on electromagnetic wave absorption. Mater Today Phys 2022, 28: 100888.
Li X, Wu ZC, You WB, et al. Self-assembly MXene–rGO/CoNi film with massive continuous heterointerfaces and enhanced magnetic coupling for superior microwave absorber. Nano-Micro Lett 2022, 14: 73.
Sun CH, Jia ZR, Xu S, et al. Synergistic regulation of dielectric–magnetic dual-loss and triple heterointerface polarization via magnetic MXene for high-performance electromagnetic wave absorption. J Mater Sci Technol 2022, 113: 128–137.
Sun Y, Zhou B, Wang HP, et al. Boosting dual-interfacial polarization by decorating hydrophobic graphene with high-crystalline core–shell FeCo@Fe3O4 nanoparticle for improved microwave absorption. Carbon 2022, 186: 333–343.
Gao ST, Zhang YC, He J, et al. Coal gasification fine slag residual carbon decorated with hollow-spherical Fe3O4 nanoparticles for microwave absorption. Ceram Int 2023, 49: 17554–17565.
Zeng XJ, Duan DR, Zhang XF, et al. Doping and interface engineering in a sandwich Ti3C2Tx/MoS2−xPx heterostructure for efficient hydrogen evolution. J Mater Chem C 2022, 10: 4140–4147.
Lian PC, Dong YF, Wu ZS, et al. Alkalized Ti3C2 MXene nanoribbons with expanded interlayer spacing for high-capacity sodium and potassium ion batteries. Nano Energy 2017, 40: 1–8.
Zeng XJ, Tan YN, Xia L, et al. MXene-derived Ti3C2–Co–TiO2 nanoparticle arrays via cation exchange for highly efficient and stable electrocatalytic oxygen evolution. Chem Commun 2023, 59: 880–883.
Dong YF, Wu ZS, Zheng SH, et al. Ti3C2 MXene-derived sodium/potassium titanate nanoribbons for high-performance sodium/potassium ion batteries with enhanced capacities. ACS Nano 2017, 11: 4792–4800.
Fang GZ, Zhou J, Liang CW, et al. MOFs nanosheets derived porous metal oxide-coated three-dimensional substrates for lithium-ion battery applications. Nano Energy 2016, 26: 57–65.
Zhu YY, An SL, Sun XJ, et al. Core-branched NiCo2S4@CoNi-LDH heterostructure as advanced electrode with superior energy storage performance. Chem Eng J 2020, 383: 123206.
Yan J, Huang Y, Chen C, et al. The 3D CoNi alloy particles embedded in N-doped porous carbon foams for high-performance microwave absorbers. Carbon 2019, 152: 545–555.
Zhang L, Zhu YX, Nie ZC, et al. Co/MoC nanoparticles embedded in carbon nanoboxes as robust trifunctional electrocatalysts for a Zn–air battery and water electrocatalysis. ACS Nano 2021, 15: 13399–13414.
Wang JW, Jia ZR, Liu XH, et al. Construction of 1D heterostructure NiCo@C/ZnO nanorod with enhanced microwave absorption. Nano-Micro Lett 2021, 13: 175.
Li TF, Li SL, Liu QY, et al. Immobilization of Ni3Co nanoparticles into N-doped carbon nanotube/nanofiber integrated hierarchically branched architectures toward efficient overall water splitting. Adv Sci 2020, 7: 1902371.
Zeng XJ, Wu ZM, Nie TL, et al. Metal/N-doped carbon nanoparticles derived from metal–organic frameworks for electromagnetic wave absorption. ACS Appl Nano Mater 2022, 5: 11474–11483.
Bi YX, Ma ML, Liu YY, et al. Microwave absorption enhancement of 2-dimensional CoZn/C@MoS2@PPy composites derived from metal–organic framework. J Colloid Interf Sci 2021, 600: 209–218.
Pan F, Rao YP, Batalu D, et al. Macroscopic electromagnetic cooperative network-enhanced MXene/Ni chains aerogel-based microwave absorber with ultra-low matching thickness. Nano-Micro Lett 2022, 14: 140.
Zhou Y, Zhou WJ, Ni CH, et al. “Tree blossom” Ni/NC/C composites as high-efficiency microwave absorbents. Chem Eng J 2022, 430: 132621.
Li JW, Zhang XN, Ding YQ, et al. Multifunctional carbon fiber@NiCo/polyimide films with outstanding electromagnetic interference shielding performance. Chem Eng J 2022, 427: 131937.
Li C, Qi XS, Gong X, et al. Magnetic-dielectric synergy and interfacial engineering to design yolk–shell structured CoNi@void@C and CoNi@void@C@MoS2 nanocomposites with tunable and strong wideband microwave absorption. Nano Res 2022, 15: 6761–6771.
Wang D, Wang YJ, Liu N, et al. Preparation and electromagnetic-wave-absorption properties of N,O-doped PMMA&DVB&AN carbon microspheres with porous hollow structures. Chem Eng J 2023, 456: 140987.
Liang ZZ, Kong NN, Yang CX, et al. Highly curved nanostructure-coated Co, N-doped carbon materials for oxygen electrocatalysis. Angew Chem Int Ed 2021, 60: 12759–12764.
Zeng XJ, Jang MJ, Choi SM, et al. Single-crystalline CoFe nanoparticles encapsulated in N-doped carbon nanotubes as a bifunctional catalyst for water splitting. Mater Chem Front 2020, 4: 2307–2313.
Wu Y, Chen L, Han YX, et al. Hierarchical construction of CNT networks in aramid papers for high-efficiency microwave absorption. Nano Res 2023, 16: 7801–7809.
Zeng XJ, Nie TL, Zhao C, et al. Coupling between the 2D “ligand” and 2D “host” and their assembled hierarchical heterostructures for electromagnetic wave absorption. ACS Appl Mater Interfaces 2022, 14: 41235–41245.
Wang W, Zhang H, Zhao YZ, et al. A novel MOF-drived self-decomposition strategy for CoO@N/C–Co/Ni–NiCo2O4 multi-heterostructure composite as high-performance electromagnetic wave absorbing materials. Chem Eng J 2021, 426: 131667.
Chang Q, Liang HS, Shi B, et al. Ethylenediamine-assisted hydrothermal synthesis of NiCo2O4 absorber with controlled morphology and excellent absorbing performance. J Colloid Interf Sci 2021, 588: 336–345.
Zeng XJ, Ning Y, Guo HH, et al. Dual template induced assembly of 2D nanosheets to 3D porous Mo2C/NiFe–NC networkers for electromagnetic wave absorption. Mater Today Phys 2023, 34: 101077.
Li ZN, Han XJ, Ma Y, et al. MOFs-derived hollow Co/C microspheres with enhanced microwave absorption performance. ACS Sustainable Chem Eng 2018, 6: 8904–8913.
Wu NN, Xu DM, Wang Z, et al. Achieving superior electromagnetic wave absorbers through the novel metal–organic frameworks derived magnetic porous carbon nanorods. Carbon 2019, 145: 433–444.
Xu J, Shu RW, Wan ZL, et al. Construction of three-dimensional hierarchical porous nitrogen-doped reduced graphene oxide/hollow cobalt ferrite composite aerogels toward highly efficient electromagnetic wave absorption. J Mater Sci Technol 2023, 132: 193–200.
Wu YH, Wang GD, Yuan XX, et al. Heterointerface engineering in hierarchical assembly of the Co/Co(OH)2@carbon nanosheets composites for wideband microwave absorption. Nano Res 2023, 16: 2611–2621.
Cao MS, Cai YZ, He P, et al. 2D MXenes: Electromagnetic property for microwave absorption and electromagnetic interference shielding. Chem Eng J 2019, 359: 1265–1302.
Guan XM, Yang ZH, Zhou M, et al. 2D MXene nanomaterials: Synthesis, mechanism, and multifunctional applications in microwave absorption. Small Struct 2022, 3: 2200102.
Zhang WM, Xiang HM, Dai FZ, et al. Achieving ultra-broadband electromagnetic wave absorption in high-entropy transition metal carbides (HE TMCs). J Adv Ceram 2022, 11: 545–555.
Journal of Advanced Ceramics
Pages 1562-1576
Cite this article:
Zeng X, Jiang X, Ning Y, et al. Construction of dual heterogeneous interface between zigzag-like Mo–MXene nanofibers and small CoNi@NC nanoparticles for electromagnetic wave absorption. Journal of Advanced Ceramics, 2023, 12(8): 1562-1576.








Web of Science






Received: 17 April 2023
Revised: 24 May 2023
Accepted: 24 May 2023
Published: 19 July 2023
© The Author(s) 2023.

Open Access This article is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License, which permits use, sharing, adaptation, distribution and reproduction in any medium or format, as long as you give appropriate credit to the original author(s) and the source, provide a link to the Creative Commons licence, and indicate if changes were made.

The images or other third party material in this article are included in the article’s Creative Commons licence, unless indicated otherwise in a credit line to the material. If material is not included in the article’s Creative Commons licence and your intended use is not permitted by statutory regulation or exceeds the permitted use, you will need to obtain permission directly from the copyright holder.

To view a copy of this licence, visit