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Research Article | Open Access

Abnormal thermal expansion coefficients in (Nd1−xDyx)2Zr2O7 pyrochlore: The effect of low-lying optical phonons

Zesheng Yanga,Yi Lia,b,Wei PanaChunlei Wana( )
State Key Laboratory of New Ceramics & Fine Processing, Tsinghua University, Beijing 100084, China
College of Mathematics and Physics, Beijing University of Chemical Technology, Beijing 100029, China

† Zesheng Yang and Yi Li contributed equally to this work.

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Abstract

Chemical doping is a normal strategy to tune thermal expansion coefficient (TEC) of ceramics in engineering applications, but the resultant TEC values usually follow Vegard’s law, as doping does not modify the nature of chemical bonding in ceramics and its anharmonicity. In this paper, we report abnormal TEC behavior in (Nd1−xDyx)2Zr2O7 ceramics, where the TEC values remarkably exceed the values predicted by Vegard’s law and even exceed the values obtained for two constituents Nd2Zr2O7 and Dy2Zr2O7. In addition to a reduction in lattice energy with an increasing molar fraction of Dy (x) value, we attribute the additional increase in the TEC to the high concentration of Dy dopants in a pyrochlore (P) region, which can soften low-lying optical phonon modes and induce strongly avoided crossing with acoustic phonon branches and enhanced anharmonicity. We believe that this finding can provide a new route to break through the restriction imposed by the conventional Vegard’s law on the TEC values and bring new opportunities for thermal barrier coatings (TBCs) or ceramic/metal composites towards realizing minimized thermal mismatch and prolonged service life during thermal cycling.

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Journal of Advanced Ceramics
Pages 1001-1014
Cite this article:
Yang Z, Li Y, Pan W, et al. Abnormal thermal expansion coefficients in (Nd1−xDyx)2Zr2O7 pyrochlore: The effect of low-lying optical phonons. Journal of Advanced Ceramics, 2023, 12(5): 1001-1014. https://doi.org/10.26599/JAC.2023.9220734

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Received: 12 December 2022
Revised: 24 January 2023
Accepted: 20 February 2023
Published: 11 April 2023
© The Author(s) 2023.

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