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Digitalization and decarbonization are projected to be two major trends in the coming decades. As the already widespread process of digitalization continues to progress, especially in energy and transportation systems, massive data will be produced, and how these data could support and promote decarbonization has become a pressing concern. This paper presents a comprehensive review of digital technologies and their potential applications in low-carbon energy and transportation systems from the perspectives of infrastructure, common mechanisms and algorithms, and system-level impacts, as well as the application of digital technologies to coupled energy and transportation systems with electric vehicles. This paper also identifies corresponding challenges and future research directions, such as in the field of blockchain, digital twin, vehicle-to-grid, low-carbon computing, and data security and privacy, especially in the context of integrated energy and transportation systems.

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Shaping future low-carbon energy and transportation systems: Digital technologies and applications

Show Author's information Jie Song1,2Guannan He1,2Jianxiao Wang2Pingwen Zhang3
Department of Industrial Engineering and Management, College of Engineering, Peking University, Beijing 100871, China
National Engineering Laboratory for Big Data Analysis and Applications, Peking University, Beijing 100871, China
School of Mathematical Sciences, Peking University, Beijing 100871, China


Digitalization and decarbonization are projected to be two major trends in the coming decades. As the already widespread process of digitalization continues to progress, especially in energy and transportation systems, massive data will be produced, and how these data could support and promote decarbonization has become a pressing concern. This paper presents a comprehensive review of digital technologies and their potential applications in low-carbon energy and transportation systems from the perspectives of infrastructure, common mechanisms and algorithms, and system-level impacts, as well as the application of digital technologies to coupled energy and transportation systems with electric vehicles. This paper also identifies corresponding challenges and future research directions, such as in the field of blockchain, digital twin, vehicle-to-grid, low-carbon computing, and data security and privacy, especially in the context of integrated energy and transportation systems.

Keywords: Digitalization, decarbonization, energy system, transportation system, energy and transportation integration



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Publication history
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Publication history

Received: 21 July 2022
Revised: 30 September 2022
Accepted: 06 October 2022
Published: 20 September 2022
Issue date: September 2022


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