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Smart dielectric materials with bioinspired and autonomous functions are expected to be designed and fabricated for next-generation electrical insulation. Similar to organisms, such dielectrics with self-adaptive, self-reporting, and self-healing capabilities can be employed to avoid, diagnose, and repair electrical damage to prevent catastrophic failure and even a blackout. Compared with traditional dielectrics, the utilization of smart materials not only increases the stability and durability of power apparatus but also reduces the costs of production and manufacturing. In this review, researches on self-adaptive, self-reporting, and self-healing dielectrics in the field of electrical insulation, and illuminating studies on smart polymers with autonomous functions in other fields are both introduced. The principles, methods, mechanisms, applications, and challenges of these materials are also briefly presented.


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Smart dielectric materials for next-generation electrical insulation

Show Author's information Xiaoyan Huang1,TLu Han1,TXiao Yang2,hZhiwen Huang1,TJun Hu1Qi Li1( )Jinliang He1( )
State Key Laboratory of Power System, Department of Electrical Engineering, Tsinghua University, Beijing 100084, China
School of Electrical and Electronic Engineering, North China Electric Power University, Beijing 102206, China

Abstract

Smart dielectric materials with bioinspired and autonomous functions are expected to be designed and fabricated for next-generation electrical insulation. Similar to organisms, such dielectrics with self-adaptive, self-reporting, and self-healing capabilities can be employed to avoid, diagnose, and repair electrical damage to prevent catastrophic failure and even a blackout. Compared with traditional dielectrics, the utilization of smart materials not only increases the stability and durability of power apparatus but also reduces the costs of production and manufacturing. In this review, researches on self-adaptive, self-reporting, and self-healing dielectrics in the field of electrical insulation, and illuminating studies on smart polymers with autonomous functions in other fields are both introduced. The principles, methods, mechanisms, applications, and challenges of these materials are also briefly presented.

Keywords:

Bioinspired materials, next-generation dielectrics, self-adaptive materials, self-reporting materials, self-healing materials
Received: 30 December 2021 Revised: 25 February 2022 Accepted: 07 March 2022 Published: 25 March 2022 Issue date: March 2022
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Publication history

Received: 30 December 2021
Revised: 25 February 2022
Accepted: 07 March 2022
Published: 25 March 2022
Issue date: March 2022

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© The author(s) 2022

Acknowledgements

Acknowledgements

This work was financially supported by the National Key R&D Program of China (No. 2018YFE0200100) and the National Natural Science Foundation of China (Nos. U1766221 and 51921005).

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