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For China, one of its most important commitments is to realize its “3060” targets of achieving a CO2 emission peak by 2030 and carbon neutrality by 2060. However, for a developing country with heavy carbon utilization, achieving carbon neutrality in a short period necessitates tough changes. This paper briefly introduces energy and electricity scenarios and analyzes the challenges based on the current power system in China. Moreover, it summarizes the six characteristics of China’s future power grid and highlights some partially representative projects in the country.


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Challenges of developing a power system with a high renewable energy proportion under China’s carbon targets

Show Author's information Jianbo Guo1Shicong Ma2Tiezhu Wang2Yiran Jing2( )Weilin Hou2Haotian Xu2
State Grid Corporation of China, Beijing, China
Power System Department, China Electric Power Research Institude, Beijing, China

Abstract

For China, one of its most important commitments is to realize its “3060” targets of achieving a CO2 emission peak by 2030 and carbon neutrality by 2060. However, for a developing country with heavy carbon utilization, achieving carbon neutrality in a short period necessitates tough changes. This paper briefly introduces energy and electricity scenarios and analyzes the challenges based on the current power system in China. Moreover, it summarizes the six characteristics of China’s future power grid and highlights some partially representative projects in the country.

Keywords:

3060 targets, energy and electricity scenarios, impossible trinity, novel power system
Received: 05 January 2022 Revised: 15 February 2022 Accepted: 19 February 2022 Published: 25 March 2022 Issue date: March 2022
References(5)
1
Chinese State Council (2021). Peak carbon 2030 action plan. The Central People’s Government of the People’s Republic of China. Available at http://www.gov.cn/zhengce/content/2021-10/26/content_5644984.htm. (in Chinese)
2
China Green Carbon Foundation (2021). How many countries have peaked carbon? How many countries have carbon neutral plans? Available at http://www.thjj.org/sf_B102AE6B21DC4F2AABF188EF37DDD82D_227_D3521F8F997.html (in Chinese)
3
Zhang, X. (2020). Analysis of low carbon energy transition scenarios under the 2060 carbon neutrality target. Available at http://www.csee.org.cn/pic/u/cms/www/202102/0215054225qp.pdf. (in Chinese)
4
Zhou, X. (2021). Scenario analysis of the development of China's energy and electricity system under the carbon peaking and neutrality target. Available at https://www.thepaper.cn/newsDetail_forward_14544796. (in Chinese)
5
China Electricity Council (2020). Annual development report on China’s electricity industry 2020. Available at http://www.chinapower.com.cn/zx/zxbg/20200615/22414.html. (in Chinese)
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Publication history

Received: 05 January 2022
Revised: 15 February 2022
Accepted: 19 February 2022
Published: 25 March 2022
Issue date: March 2022

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© The author(s) 2022

Acknowledgements

Acknowledgements

This work was supported by the SGCC (State Grid Corporation of China) technology project Analysis of System Stability Region and Control Strategy Based on Lyapunov Method (No. 5100-202155304A-0-0-00).

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