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Plastoelastohydrodynamic lubrication of rough surfaces (R-PEHL) is a cutting-edge area of research in interface fluid-structure coupling analysis. The existing R-PEHL model calculates the elastic-plastic deformation of rough surface by the Love equation in a semi-infinite space smooth surface, which deviates from the actual surface. Therefore, it is an innovative work to study the exact solution of elastic-plastic deformation of rough surface and its influence on the solution results of R-PEHL model. In this paper, a new contact calculation model of plastoelastohydrodynamic lubrication (PEHL) with three-dimensional (3D) rough surface is proposed by integrating numerical method of EHL and finite element method. The new model eliminates an original error introduced by the assumption of semi-infinite space in contact calculation, providing wide applicability and high accuracy. Under the given rough surfaces and working conditions, the study reveals that: (1) the oil film pressure calculated by the new model is lower than that of the smooth surface in semi-infinite space by 200–800 MPa; (2) the Mises stress of the new model is 2.5%–26.6% higher than that of the smooth surface in semi-infinite space; (3) compared with the semi-infinite space assumption, the rough surface plastic deformation of the new model is increased by 71%–173%, and the local plastic deformation singularity may appear under the semi-infinite space assumption; (4) the plastic deformation caused by the first contact cycle on the rough surface of the new model accounts for 66.7%–92.9% of the total plastic deformation, and the plastic deformation of the semi-infinite space accounts for 50%–83.3%. This study resolves the contradiction between the smooth surface assumption and the rough surface in the existing R-PEHL model, establishing a solid logic foundation for the accurate solution of R-PEHL model.


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A new 3D plastoelastohydrodynamic lubrication model for rough surfaces

Show Author's information Shengyu YOUJinyuan TANG( )Qiang WANG
State Key Laboratory of Precision Manufacturing for Extreme Service Performance, Central South University, Changsha 410083, China

Abstract

Plastoelastohydrodynamic lubrication of rough surfaces (R-PEHL) is a cutting-edge area of research in interface fluid-structure coupling analysis. The existing R-PEHL model calculates the elastic-plastic deformation of rough surface by the Love equation in a semi-infinite space smooth surface, which deviates from the actual surface. Therefore, it is an innovative work to study the exact solution of elastic-plastic deformation of rough surface and its influence on the solution results of R-PEHL model. In this paper, a new contact calculation model of plastoelastohydrodynamic lubrication (PEHL) with three-dimensional (3D) rough surface is proposed by integrating numerical method of EHL and finite element method. The new model eliminates an original error introduced by the assumption of semi-infinite space in contact calculation, providing wide applicability and high accuracy. Under the given rough surfaces and working conditions, the study reveals that: (1) the oil film pressure calculated by the new model is lower than that of the smooth surface in semi-infinite space by 200–800 MPa; (2) the Mises stress of the new model is 2.5%–26.6% higher than that of the smooth surface in semi-infinite space; (3) compared with the semi-infinite space assumption, the rough surface plastic deformation of the new model is increased by 71%–173%, and the local plastic deformation singularity may appear under the semi-infinite space assumption; (4) the plastic deformation caused by the first contact cycle on the rough surface of the new model accounts for 66.7%–92.9% of the total plastic deformation, and the plastic deformation of the semi-infinite space accounts for 50%–83.3%. This study resolves the contradiction between the smooth surface assumption and the rough surface in the existing R-PEHL model, establishing a solid logic foundation for the accurate solution of R-PEHL model.

Keywords: rough surface, plastoelastohydrodynamic lubrication (PEHL), asperity plastic deformation, semi-infinite space

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Publication history

Received: 30 March 2023
Revised: 04 June 2023
Accepted: 01 July 2023
Published: 02 April 2024
Issue date: June 2024

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© The author(s) 2023.

Acknowledgements

The authors gratefully acknowledge the support of the National Key R&D Program of China (Grant No. 2022YFB3402902).

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