AI Chat Paper
Note: Please note that the following content is generated by AMiner AI. SciOpen does not take any responsibility related to this content.
{{lang === 'zh_CN' ? '文章概述' : 'Summary'}}
{{lang === 'en_US' ? '中' : 'Eng'}}
Chat more with AI
Home Friction Article
View PDF
Submit Manuscript AI Chat Paper
Show Outline
Show full outline
Hide outline
Show full outline
Hide outline
Research Article | Open Access

Tribo-corrosion interaction of the parallel steel wires in the suspension bridges

Bo WANG1Dagang WANG1( )Hailang CHONG1Guozheng XIE1Dekun ZHANG2Shirong GE3
School of Mechatronic Engineering, China University of Mining and Technology, Xuzhou 221116, China
School of Materials and Physics, China University of Mining and Technology, Xuzhou 221116, China
College of Mechatronic Engineering, China University of Mining and Technology (Beijing), Beijing 100083, China
Show Author Information

Graphical Abstract


The effect of contact load and relative displacement on tribo-corrosion interaction of parallel steel wires of main cable in the suspension bridge was investigated in this study. A self-made tribo-corrosion test bench was employed to conduct tribo-corrosion tests of parallel steel wires in 3.5% (wt%) NaCl solution and deionized water under different contact loads and different relative displacements. The friction coefficient and wear coefficient of wires were presented. Electrochemical corrosion behavior (Tafel polarization curves, Nyquist diagram, and equivalent circuit diagram) was characterized by electrochemical analyzer. Wear morphology was observed by scanning electron microscope. Wear volume loss and corrosion‒wear interaction were quantitatively demonstrated by high-precision weighing balance. The results show that the electrochemical corrosion ability of the steel wires increases with the increase of the contact load or relative displacement. The increased contact load or relative displacement increases the volume loss of corrosion‒wear and pure wear, but decreases the wear coefficient. The wear mechanisms in 3.5% NaCl solution are adhesive wear, abrasive wear, and corrosive wear as compared to adhesive wear and abrasive wear in deionized water under different contact loads. The wear mechanisms of parallel steel wires are slightly different under different relative displacements. But the main wear mechanisms are similar to that under different contact loads. The interaction effects of corrosion and wear produced by the contact load and relative displacement are all the synergistic effects.

Electronic Supplementary Material

Download File(s)
40544_0718_ESM.pdf (1 MB)


Wang D G, Ye J H, Wang B, Abdel Wahab M. Review on the service safety assessment of main cable of long span multi-tower suspension bridge. Appl Sci 11(13): 5920 (2021)
Tian H, Wang J J, Cao S G, Chen Y L, Li L W. Probabilistic assessment of the safety of main cables for long-span suspension bridges considering corrosion effects. Adv Civ Eng 2021: 6627762 (2021)
Wang D G, Wang B, Gao W L, Ye J H, Abdel Wahab M. Dynamic contact behaviors of saddle materials for suspension bridge. Eng Fail Anal 134: 106031 (2022)
Wang D G, Zhu H L, Xu W, Ye J H, Zhang D K, Abdel Wahab M. Contact and slip behaviors of main cable of the long-span suspension bridge. Eng Fail Anal 136: 106232 (2022)
Liu H T. Dynamic responses of coupled train, automobile and bridge system under strong wind and analysis of running safety and riding comfort of vehicles. Ph.D. Thesis. Changsha (China): Central South University, 2011.
Chen W, Shen R, Wang H, Gong W. Study of anticorrosion system and anticorrosion mechanism for the main cable of suspension bridge. J Bridge Eng 26(12) (2021)
Zhang M X, Huang S F, Li P, Shah K W, Zhang X S. Application of dehumidification as anti-corrosion technology on suspension bridges: A review. Appl Therm Eng 199: 117549 (2021)
Wang S Q, Ma Q, Ren Y R, Yang Z. Dynamic interaction analysis on wind-train-bridge system of long-span railway suspension bridge. J Railway Sci Eng 14: 1241–1248 (2017)
Li S L, Hu P Y, Zhao X F, Chen K J, Li J K. Atmospheric corrosion performance of wire rope sling in a sulfur dioxide-polluted environment. Adv Mech Eng 9(6): 168781401770747 (2017)
Karanci E, Betti R. Modeling Corrosion in Suspension Bridge Main Cables. I: Annual Corrosion Rate. J Bridge Eng 23: 04018025 (2018)
Karanci E, Betti R. Modeling corrosion in suspension bridge main cables. II: long-term corrosion and remaining strength. J Bridge Eng 23(6): 04018026 (2018)
Lan C M, Xu Y, Liu C P, Li H, Spencer B F. Fatigue life prediction for parallel-wire stay cables considering corrosion effects. Int J Fatigue 114: 81–91 (2018)
Sun H, Xu J, Chen W, Yang J. Time-Dependent Effect of Corrosion on the Mechanical Characteristics of Stay Cable. J Bridge Eng 23: 04018019 (2018)
Chang X D, Huang H B, Peng Y X, Li S X. Friction, wear and residual strength properties of steel wire rope with different corrosion types. Wear 458–459: 203425 (2020)
Chang X D, Peng Y X, Cheng D Q, Zhu Z C, Wang D G, Lu H, Tang W, Chen G A. Influence of different corrosive environments on friction and wear characteristics of lubricated wire ropes in a multi-layer winding system. Eng Fail Anal 131: 105901 (2022)
Lin Y C, Chen T M, Chang W F. Strength decay of wire ropes by corrosion and wear at different surface conditions. Mater Test 64(6): 809–819 (2022)
Kim S H, Ham S H, Kwon J D. Bending fatigue characteristics of corroded wire ropes. J Mech Sci Technol28(7): 2853–2859 (2014)
Wang D G, Song D Z, Wang X R, Zhang D K, Zhang C L, Wang D A, Araújo J A. Tribo-fatigue behaviors of steel wires under coupled tension-torsion in different environmental media. Wear 420–421: 38–53 (2019)
US-ASTM. ASTM G119-09 Standard guide for determining synergism between wear and corrosion. ASTM, 2009.
Guan J, Jiang X T, Xiang Q, Yang F, Liu J. Corrosion and tribocorrosion behavior of titanium surfaces designed by electromagnetic induction nitriding for biomedical applications. Surf Coat Technol 409: 126844 (2021)
Wang S, Zhang D K, Wang D, Xu L M, Ge S. Stress corrosion behaviors of steel wires in coalmine under different corrosive mediums. Int J Electrochem Sci 7(8): 7376–7389 (2012)
Wang H, Yang Y, Yang Z, Xu Z, Chai Y, Zhang Z. Corrosion failure analysis of duplex stainless steel in marine environment. Int J Electrochem Sci 17: 22055 (2022)
Liu M, Wang Z G, Shi C B, Wang L W, Xue X D. Corrosion and wear behavior of Ti-30Zr alloy for dental implants. Mater Res Express 6(8): 0865c8 (2019)
Liu Z, Guo T, Han D, Li A. Experimental study on corrosion-fretting fatigue behavior of bridge cable wires. J Bridge Eng 25: 04020104 (2020)
Shaheen I, Ahmad K S, Jaffri S B, Ali D. Biomimetic[MoO3@ZnO]semiconducting nanocomposites: Chemo-proportional fabrication, characterization and energy storage potential exploration. Renew Energy 167: 568–579 (2021)
Danzer M A, Hofer E P. Analysis of the electrochemical behaviour of polymer electrolyte fuel cells using simple impedance models. J Power Sources 190(1): 25–33 (2009)
Garza L G, Van Tyne C J. Friction and formability of galvannealed interstitial free sheet steel. J Mater Process Technol 187–188: 164–168 (2007)
Zhang Y H, Fu Y H, Hua X J, Quan L, Qu J J. Wear debris of friction materials for linear standing-wave ultrasonic motors: Theory and experiments. Wear 448–449: 203216 (2020)
Shen Y, Zhang D K, Wang D G, Xu L M. Effect of contact load on the fretting wear behavior of steel wire. Tribology 30(04): 404–408 (2010) (in Chinese)
Jiao Z. Electrochemical and tribocorrosion performances of super austenitic stainless steel in artificial seawater. Ph.D. Thesis. Qinhuangdao (China): Yanshan University, 2021.
Ji X L, Luo C Y, Sun Y, Zhao J H. Corrosive wear of multi-layer Fe-based coatings laser cladded from amorphous powders. Wear 438–439: 203113 (2019)
Jiang X X. Corrosion and wear of metal. In The Interaction of Metal Corrosion–Wear. Chen Z L, Ed. Beijing: Chemical Industry Press, 2003: 198–221.
Zhang L M, Dong M C, Lv J J. Tribo-corrosion map of k4169 alloy in artificial seawater. Tribology 36(05): 636–642 (2016) (in Chinese)
Jiang J, Stack M M, Neville A. Modelling the tribo-corrosion interaction in aqueous sliding conditions. Tribol Int 35(10): 669–679 (2002)
Pages 2221-2237
Cite this article:
WANG B, WANG D, CHONG H, et al. Tribo-corrosion interaction of the parallel steel wires in the suspension bridges. Friction, 2023, 11(12): 2221-2237.








Web of Science






Received: 25 July 2022
Revised: 21 September 2022
Accepted: 02 November 2022
Published: 30 March 2023
© The author(s) 2022.

Open Access This article is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License, which permits use, sharing, adaptation, distribution and reproduction in any medium or format, as long as you give appropriate credit to the original author(s) and the source, provide a link to the Creative Commons licence, and indicate if changes were made.

The images or other third party material in this article are included in the article’s Creative Commons licence, unless indicated otherwise in a credit line to the material. If material is not included in the article’s Creative Commons licence and your intended use is not permitted by statutory regulation or exceeds the permitted use, you will need to obtain permission directly from the copyright holder.

To view a copy of this licence, visit