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Review Article | Open Access

Recent advances in wheel–rail RCF and wear testing

Sundar SHRESTHA1,2Maksym SPIRYAGIN1,2Esteban BERNAL1,2( )Qing WU1,2Colin COLE1,2
Centre for Railway Engineering, Central Queensland University, Rockhampton 4701, Australia
Australasian Centre for Rail Innovation, Canberra 2601, Australia
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The wear and rolling contact fatigue (RCF) testing approaches for wheels and rails have been reviewed and evaluated in this study. The study points out the advantages and limitations of the existing approaches. The broad analysis revealed that scaled laboratory-based wear testing is widely applied. However, it is necessary to predetermine the input parameters and observing parameters for scaled wear testing for three reasons: first, to emulate the real-world scenarios as closely as possible; second, to postprocess the results received from the scaled testing and transfer them into real practice at full scale; third, to present the results in a legible/appropriate format. Therefore, most of the important parameters required for wear testing have been discussed with fundamental and systematic explanations provided. Additionally, the transition of the parameters from the real-world into the test domain is explained. This study also elaborates on the challenges of the RCF and wear testing processes and concludes by providing major considerations toward successful testing.


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Cite this article:
SHRESTHA S, SPIRYAGIN M, BERNAL E, et al. Recent advances in wheel–rail RCF and wear testing. Friction, 2023, 11(12): 2181-2203.








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Received: 02 September 2021
Revised: 09 February 2022
Accepted: 03 October 2022
Published: 29 May 2023
© The author(s) 2022.

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