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The fretting wear among the steel wires aggravates the wire rope’s fatigue damage, affects the service performance of the wire ropes, and threatens mine hoisting safety. In this paper, the practical friction behavior and wear mechanism among the wires in the wire rope are investigated. A series of tests were carried out on multiple steel wires in helical contact and tension–torsion coupling under different fretting parameters, twisting parameters, and lubrication conditions by self-made friction and wear testing machine. The results show that the coefficient of friction (COF) among the steel wires decreases slightly with increasing lateral loads and tension, and the effect of twist angle on the COF has opposite results under different lubrication conditions. Lateral loads, tension of the steel wires, twist angle, and lubrication condition all affect the fretting morphology among the steel wires. Fretting wear with larger twist angle structure leads to more energy loss. The energy loss of fretting is directly related to the fretting morphology among the contact surfaces, and the dissipated energy is lower in the two forms of complete slip and sticking. The wear depth and width increase with the increase of lateral loads, steel wire tension, and twist angle. And the wear width and depth under dry friction conditions are higher than those under oil lubrication conditions. In addition, the wear mechanism under dry friction conditions is mainly abrasive wear, adhesive wear, and fatigue wear. And the wear mechanism under oil lubrication conditions is mainly abrasive wear and fatigue wear.


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Friction and wear of multiple steel wires in a wire rope

Show Author's information Yuxing PENG1,2Kun HUANG1,2( )Chenbo MA3Zhencai ZHU1,2Xiangdong CHANG1,2Hao LU1,2Qing ZHANG1,2Chunming XU1,2
School of Mechanical and Electrical Engineering, Jiangsu Key Laboratory of Mine Mechanical and Electrical Equipment, China University of Mining and Technology, Xuzhou 221116, China
Jiangsu Collaborative Innovation Center of Intelligent Mining Equipment, Xuzhou 221008, China
School of Mechanical and Electrical Engineering, Nanjing Forestry University, Nanjing 210037, China

Abstract

The fretting wear among the steel wires aggravates the wire rope’s fatigue damage, affects the service performance of the wire ropes, and threatens mine hoisting safety. In this paper, the practical friction behavior and wear mechanism among the wires in the wire rope are investigated. A series of tests were carried out on multiple steel wires in helical contact and tension–torsion coupling under different fretting parameters, twisting parameters, and lubrication conditions by self-made friction and wear testing machine. The results show that the coefficient of friction (COF) among the steel wires decreases slightly with increasing lateral loads and tension, and the effect of twist angle on the COF has opposite results under different lubrication conditions. Lateral loads, tension of the steel wires, twist angle, and lubrication condition all affect the fretting morphology among the steel wires. Fretting wear with larger twist angle structure leads to more energy loss. The energy loss of fretting is directly related to the fretting morphology among the contact surfaces, and the dissipated energy is lower in the two forms of complete slip and sticking. The wear depth and width increase with the increase of lateral loads, steel wire tension, and twist angle. And the wear width and depth under dry friction conditions are higher than those under oil lubrication conditions. In addition, the wear mechanism under dry friction conditions is mainly abrasive wear, adhesive wear, and fatigue wear. And the wear mechanism under oil lubrication conditions is mainly abrasive wear and fatigue wear.

Keywords:

steel wires, fretting, friction behavior, helical contact, wear mechanism
Received: 04 May 2022 Revised: 23 May 2022 Accepted: 13 June 2022 Published: 06 January 2023 Issue date: May 2023
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Publication history
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Publication history

Received: 04 May 2022
Revised: 23 May 2022
Accepted: 13 June 2022
Published: 06 January 2023
Issue date: May 2023

Copyright

© The author(s) 2022.

Acknowledgements

This research was supported by the National Natural Science Foundation of China (No. 51975572) and the Program for Changjiang Scholars and Innovative Research Team in University (No. IRT_16R68). The authors also thank the Priority Academic Program Development (PAPD) of Jiangsu Higher Education Institutions, China and the Top-notch Academic Programs Project (TAPP) of Jiangsu Higher Education Institutions, China.

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