AI Chat Paper
Note: Please note that the following content is generated by AMiner AI. SciOpen does not take any responsibility related to this content.
{{lang === 'zh_CN' ? '文章概述' : 'Summary'}}
{{lang === 'en_US' ? '中' : 'Eng'}}
Chat more with AI
Home Friction Article
PDF (15.8 MB)
Submit Manuscript AI Chat Paper
Show Outline
Show full outline
Hide outline
Show full outline
Hide outline
Research Article | Open Access

Micro/atomic-scale vibration induced superlubricity

Shuai SHI1,2Dan GUO1( )Jianbin LUO1( )
State Key Laboratory of Tribology, Tsinghua University, Beijing 100084, China
China Fortune Land Development Industrial Investment Co., Ltd., Beijing 100027, China
Show Author Information


With the rapid development of industry, the inconsistency between the rapid increase in energy consumption and the shortage of resources is becoming significant. Friction is one of the main causes of energy consumption; thus, the emergence of superlubricity technology can substantially improve the energy efficiency in motion systems. In this study, an efficient method to control superlubricity at the atomic-scale is proposed. The method employs vibrational excitation, which is called vibration induced superlubricity (VIS). The VIS can be easily and steadily achieved by employing external vibration in three directions. The simple method does not depend on the type of sample and conductivity. Dependence of oscillation amplitude, frequency, scanning speed, and normal force (FN) on friction were investigated. Experimental and simulated explorations verified the practical approach for reducing energy dissipation and achieving superlubricity at the atomic-scale.


Holmberg K, Erdemir A. Influence of tribology on global energy consumption, costs and emissions. Friction 5(3): 263-284 (2017)
Kim K S, Lee H J, Lee C, Lee S K, Jang H, Ahn J H, Kim J H, Lee H J. Chemical vapor deposition-grown graphene: The thinnest solid lubricant. ACS Nano 5(6): 5107-5114 (2011)
Berman D, Erdemir A, Zinovev A V, Sumant A V. Nanoscale friction properties of graphene and graphene oxide. Diam Relat Mater 54: 91-96 (2015)
Lee C, Li Q Y, Kalb W, Liu X Z, Berger H, Carpick R W, Hone J. Frictional characteristics of atomically thin sheets. Science 328(5974): 76-80 (2010)
Liu S W, Wang H P, Xu Q, Ma T B, Yu G, Zhang C H, Geng D C, Yu Z W, Zhang S G, Wang W Z, et al. Robust microscale superlubricity under high contact pressure enabled by graphene-coated microsphere. Nat Commun 8: 14029 (2017)
Chen X C, Zhang C H, Kato T, Yang X A, Wu S D, Wang R, Nosaka M, Luo J B. Evolution of tribo-induced interfacial nanostructures governing superlubricity in a-C:H and a-C:H:Si films. Nat Commun 8: 1675 (2017)
Raviv U, Laurat P, Klein J. Fluidity of water confined to subnanometre films. Nature 413(6851): 51-54 (2001)
Shinjo K, Hirano M. Dynamics of friction: Superlubric state. Surf Sci 283(1-3): 473-478 (1993)
Luo J B, Zhou X. Superlubricitive engineering—Future industry nearly getting rid of wear and frictional energy consumption. Friction 8(4): 643-665 (2020)
Tomizawa H, Fischer T E. Friction and wear of silicon nitride and silicon carbide in water: Hydrodynamic lubrication at low sliding speed obtained by tribochemical wear. A S L E Trans 30(1): 41-46 (1987)
Meng Y G, Xu J, Jin Z M, Prakash B, Hu Y Z. A review of recent advances in tribology. Friction 8(2): 221-300 (2020)
Xu J G, Kato K. Formation of tribochemical layer of ceramics sliding in water and its role for low friction. Wear 245(1-2): 61-75 (2000)
Chen M, Kato K, Adachi K. Friction and wear of self-mated SiC and Si3N4 sliding in water. Wear 250(1-12): 246-255 (2001)
Wang W, Xie G X, Luo J B. Superlubricity of black phosphorus as lubricant additive. ACS Appl Mater Interfaces 10(49): 43203-43210 (2018)
Hirano M, Shinjo K. Atomistic locking and friction. Phys Rev B 41(17): 11837-11851 (1990)
Hu Y Z, Ma T B, Wang H. Energy dissipation in atomic-scale friction. Friction 1(1): 24-40 (2013)
Shi S, Guo D, Luo J B. Imaging contrast and tip-sample interaction of non-contact amplitude modulation atomic force microscopy with Q-control. J Phys D: Appl Phys 50(41): 415307 (2017)
Tan X F, Guo D, Luo J B. Different directional energy dissipation of heterogeneous polymers in bimodal atomic force microscopy. RSC Adv 9(47): 27464-27474 (2019)
Hod O, Meyer E, Zheng Q S, Urbakh M. Structural superlubricity and ultralow friction across the length scales. Nature 563(7732): 485-492 (2018)
Mate C M, McClelland G M, Erlandsson R, Chiang S. Atomic-scale friction of a tungsten tip on a graphite surface. Phys Rev Lett 59(17): 1942-1945 (1987)
Dienwiebel M, Verhoeven G S, Pradeep N, Frenken J W M, Heimberg J A, Zandbergen H W. Superlubricity of graphite. Phys Rev Lett 92(12): 126101 (2004)
Liu Z, Yang J R, Grey F, Liu J Z, Liu Y L, Wang Y B, Yang Y L, Cheng Y, Zheng Q S. Observation of microscale superlubricity in graphite. Phys Rev Lett 108(20): 205503 (2012)
Socoliuc A, Bennewitz R, Gnecco E, Meyer E. Transition from stick-slip to continuous sliding in atomic friction: Entering a new regime of ultralow friction. Phys Rev Lett 92(13): 134301 (2004)
Socoliuc A, Gnecco E, Maier S, Pfeiffer O, Baratoff A, Bennewitz R, Meyer E. Atomic-scale control of friction by actuation of nanometer-sized contacts. Science 313(5784): 207-210 (2006)
Riedo E, Gnecco E, Bennewitz R, Meyer E, Brune H. Interaction potential and hopping dynamics governing sliding friction. Phys Rev Lett 91(8): 084502 (2003)
Meyer E, Gnecco E. Superlubricity on the nanometer scale. Friction 2(2): 106-113 (2014)
Pfeiffer O, Loppacher C, Wattinger C, Bammerlin M, Gysin U, Guggisberg M, Rast S, Bennewitz R, Meyer E, Güntherodt H J. Using higher flexural modes in non-contact force microscopy. Appl Surf Sci 157(4): 337-342 (2000)
Stark R W, Drobek T, Heckl W M. Thermomechanical noise of a free v-shaped cantilever for atomic-force microscopy. Ultramicroscopy 86(1-2): 207-215 (2001)
Sader J E, Sanelli J A, Adamson B D, Monty J P, Wei X Z, Crawford S A, Friend J R, Marusic I, Mulvaney P, Bieske E J. Spring constant calibration of atomic force microscope cantilevers of arbitrary shape. Rev Sci Instrum 83(10): 103705 (2012)
Palacio M L B, Bhushan B. Normal and lateral force calibration techniques for AFM cantilevers. Crit Rev Solid State Mater Sci 35(2): 73-104 (2010)
Chen T X, Zhang X J, Meng Y G. Improved wedge method of the AFM friction force calibration. (in Chinese). China Surf Eng 24(4): 70-75 (2011)
Sang Y, Dubé M, Grant M. Thermal effects on atomic friction. Phys Rev Lett 87(17): 174301 (2001)
Kasdin N J. Runge-Kutta algorithm for the numerical integration of stochastic differential equations. J Guid Control Dyn 18(1): 114-120 (1995)
Iizuka H, Nakamura J, Natori A. Control mechanism of friction by dynamic actuation of nanometer-sized contacts. Phys Rev B 80(15): 155449 (2009)
Igarashi M, Nakamura J, Natori A. Mechanism of velocity saturation of atomic friction force and dynamic superlubricity at torsional resonance. Jpn J Appl Phys 46(8B): 5591-5594 (2007)
Pages 1163-1174
Cite this article:
SHI S, GUO D, LUO J. Micro/atomic-scale vibration induced superlubricity. Friction, 2021, 9(5): 1163-1174.








Web of Science






Received: 18 May 2020
Revised: 01 June 2020
Accepted: 04 June 2020
Published: 08 July 2020
© The author(s) 2020