Journal Home > Volume 9 , Issue 1

Friction behavior at fretting interfaces is of fundamental interest in tribology and is important in material applications. However, friction has contact intervals, which can accurately determine the friction characteristics of a material; however, this has not been thoroughly investigated. Moreover, the fretting process with regard to different interfacial configurations have also not been systematically evaluated. To bridge these research gaps, molecular dynamics (MD) simulations on Al-Al, diamond-diamond, and diamond-silicon fretting interfaces were performed while considering bidirectional forces. This paper also proposes new energy theories, bonding principles, nanoscale friction laws, and wear rate analyses. With these models, semi-quantitative analyses of coefficient of friction (CoF) were made and simulation outcomes were examined. The results show that the differences in the hardness, stiffness modulus, and the material configuration have a considerable influence on the fretting process. This can potentially lead to the force generated during friction contact intervals along with changes in the CoF. The effect of surface separation can be of great significance in predicting the fretting process, selecting the material, and for optimization.


menu
Abstract
Full text
Outline
About this article

Multiscale analysis of friction behavior at fretting interfaces

Show Author's information Zhinan ZHANG1( )Shuaihang PAN2Nian YIN1Bin SHEN1Jie SONG3
State Key Laboratory of Mechanical Systems and Vibrations, Shanghai Jiao Tong University, Shanghai 200240, China
School of Mechanical & Aerospace Engineering, University of California Los Angeles, Los Angeles 90095, USA
Institute of Nano Biomedicine and Engineering, Shanghai Jiao Tong University, Shanghai 200240, China

Abstract

Friction behavior at fretting interfaces is of fundamental interest in tribology and is important in material applications. However, friction has contact intervals, which can accurately determine the friction characteristics of a material; however, this has not been thoroughly investigated. Moreover, the fretting process with regard to different interfacial configurations have also not been systematically evaluated. To bridge these research gaps, molecular dynamics (MD) simulations on Al-Al, diamond-diamond, and diamond-silicon fretting interfaces were performed while considering bidirectional forces. This paper also proposes new energy theories, bonding principles, nanoscale friction laws, and wear rate analyses. With these models, semi-quantitative analyses of coefficient of friction (CoF) were made and simulation outcomes were examined. The results show that the differences in the hardness, stiffness modulus, and the material configuration have a considerable influence on the fretting process. This can potentially lead to the force generated during friction contact intervals along with changes in the CoF. The effect of surface separation can be of great significance in predicting the fretting process, selecting the material, and for optimization.

Keywords: molecular dynamics simulation, friction, wear, fretting

References(54)

[1]
D Gay. Composite Materials: Design and Applications. 3rd edn. Boca Raton (USA): CRC Press, 2015.
DOI
[2]
D B Miracle. Metal matrix composites-from science to technological significance. Compos Sci Technol 65(15-16): 2526-2540 (2005)
[3]
J Njuguna. Lightweight Composite Structures in Transport: Design, Manufacturing, Analysis and Performance. Waltham (USA): Woodhead Publishing, 2016.
[4]
A Javadi, S H Pan, X C Li. Manufacturing of Al and Mg nanocomposite microparticles. Manuf Lett 17: 23-26 (2018)
[5]
T Noda. Application of cast gamma TiAl for automobiles. Intermetallics 6(7-8): 709-713 (1998)
[6]
S H Pan, Z N Zhang. Fundamental theories and basic principles of triboelectric effect: A review. Friction 7(1): 2-16 (2018)
[7]
F Ye, Y S Li, X Y Sun, Q Q Yang, C Y Kim, A G Odeshi. CVD diamond coating on WC-Co substrate with Al-based interlayer. Surf Coat Technol 308: 121-127 (2016)
[8]
M Chandran, A Hoffman. Diamond film deposition on WC-Co and steel substrates with a CrN interlayer for tribological applications. J Phys D: Appl Phys 49(21): 213002 (2016)
[9]
E W Roberts. Space tribology: Its role in spacecraft mechanisms. J Phys D: Appl Phys 45(50): 503001 (2012)
[10]
K Miyoshi, J H Sanders, C H Hager Jr, J S Zabinski, R L V Wal, R Andrews, K W Street Jr, B A Lerch, P B Abel. Wear behavior of low-cost, lightweight TiC/Ti-6Al-4V composite under fretting: Effectiveness of solid-film lubricant counterparts. Tribol Int 41(1): 24-33 (2008)
[11]
P A Thompson, M O Robbins. Origin of stick-slip motion in boundary lubrication. Sci Wash 250(4982): 792-794 (1990)
[12]
A I Dmitriev, A Y Nikonov, W Österle. MD sliding simulations of amorphous tribofilms consisting of either SiO2 or carbon. Lubricants 4(3): 24 (2016)
[13]
X W Li, M W Joe, A Y Wang, K R Lee. Stress reduction of diamond-like carbon by Si incorporation: A molecular dynamics study. Surf Coat Technol 228(S1): S190-S193 (2013)
[14]
H Q Lan, T Kato, C Liu. Molecular dynamics simulations of atomic-scale tribology between amorphous DLC and Si-DLC films. Tribol Int 44(11): 1329-1332 (2011)
[15]
Q Chen, F Xu, P Liu, H Fan. Research on fractal model of normal contact stiffness between two spheroidal joint surfaces considering friction factor. Tribol Int 97: 253-264 (2016)
[16]
Y Z Hu, T B Ma, H Wang. Energy dissipation in atomic-scale friction. Friction 1(1): 24-40 (2013)
[17]
Z J Wang, T B Ma, Y Z Hu, L Xu, H Wang. Energy dissipation of atomic-scale friction based on one-dimensional Prandtl-Tomlinson model. Friction 3(2): 170-182 (2015)
[18]
Y Morita, S Jinno, M Murakami, N Hatakeyama, A Miyamoto. A computational chemistry approach for friction reduction of automotive engines. Int J Engine Res 15(4): 399-405 (2014)
[19]
Z D Sha, V Sorkin, P S Branicio, Q X Pei, Y W Zhang, D J Srolovitz. Large-scale molecular dynamics simulations of wear in diamond-like carbon at the nanoscale. Appl Phys Lett 103(7): 073118 (2013)
[20]
Y L Dong, Q Y Li, A Martini. Molecular dynamics simulation of atomic friction: A review and guide. J Vac Sci Technol A 31(3): 030801 (2013)
[21]
L N Si, D Guo, J B Luo, X C Lu. Monoatomic layer removal mechanism in chemical mechanical polishing process: A molecular dynamics study. J Appl Phys 107(6): 064310 (2010)
[22]
L N Si, D Guo, J B Luo, X C Lu, G X Xie. Abrasive rolling effects on material removal and surface finish in chemical mechanical polishing analyzed by molecular dynamics simulation. J Appl Phys 109(8): 084335 (2011)
[23]
C Z Hu, M L Bai, J Z Lv, Z H Kou, X J Li. Molecular dynamics simulation on the tribology properties of two hard nanoparticles (diamond and silicon dioxide) confined by two iron blocks. Tribol Int 90: 297-305 (2015)
[24]
B Gueye, Y Zhang, Y J Wang, Y F Chen. Origin of frictional ageing by molecular dynamics simulation of a silicon tip sliding over a diamond substrate. Tribol Int 86: 10-16 (2015)
[25]
N N Gosvami, T Filleter, P Egberts, R Bennewitz. Microscopic friction studies on metal surfaces. Tribol Lett 39(1): 19-24 (2010)
[26]
L Jansen, H Hölscher, H Fuchs, A Schirmeisen. Temperature dependence of atomic-scale stick-slip friction. Phys Rev Lett 104(25): 256101 (2010)
[27]
S H Pan, N Yin, Z N Zhang. Molecular dynamics simulation for continuous dry friction on fretting interfaces. J Mech Eng 54(3): 82-87
[28]
S Plimpton. Fast parallel algorithms for short-range molecular dynamics. J Comput Phys 117(1): 1-19 (1995)
[29]
J P Ewen, S Echeverri Restrepo, N Morgan, D Dini. Nonequilibrium molecular dynamics simulations of stearic acid adsorbed on iron surfaces with nanoscale roughness. Tribol Int 107: 264-273 (2017)
[30]
I D Boyd, A Ketsdever. Interactions between spacecraft and thruster plumes. J Spacecr Rockets 38: 380 (2001)
[31]
S Krishnan. Processing of cotton-phenolic bearing retainers for optimum performance of spacecraft high-speed rotating systems. Tribol Trans 58(4): 704-711 (2015)
[32]
B Bhushan. Introduction to Tribology. 2nd edn. New York (USA): John Wiley & Sons, 2013.
DOI
[33]
T Kraska. Molecular-dynamics simulation of argon nucleation from supersaturated vapor in the NVE ensemble. J Chem Phys 124(5): 054507 (2006)
[34]
R L Jackson, R S Duvvuru, H Meghani, M Mahajan. An analysis of elasto-plastic sliding spherical asperity interaction. Wear 262(1-2): 210-219 (2007)
[35]
I Green. An elastic-plastic finite element analysis of two interfering hemispheres sliding in frictionless contact. Phys Sci Int J 19(1): 1-34 (2018)
[36]
R Vijaywargiya, I Green. A finite element study of the deformations, forces, stress formations, and energy losses in sliding cylindrical contacts. Int J Non-Linear Mech 42(7): 914-927 (2007)
[37]
Y L Liu, Y W Hua, M Jiang, M Xu, F Yu, J Chen. Different orientations of molecular water on neutral and charged aluminium clusters Al17 n± (n = 0-3). Eur Phys J D 67: 194 (2013)
[38]
M S Daw, S M Foiles, M I Baskes. The embedded-atom method: A review of theory and applications. Mater Sci Rep 9(7-8): 251-310 (1993)
[39]
M I Mendelev, D J Srolovitz, G J Ackland, S Han. Effect of Fe segregation on the migration of a non-symmetric Σ5 tilt grain boundary in Al. J Mater Res 20(1): 208-218 (2005)
[40]
A V Redkov, A V Osipov, S A Kukushkin. Molecular dynamics simulation of the indentation of nanoscale films on a substrate. Tech Phys Lett 42(6): 639-643 (2016)
[41]
K Abgaryan, I Mutigullin. Theoretical investigation of the stability of defect complexes in silicon. Phys Status Solidi C 13(4): 156-158 (2016)
[42]
N G Zhou, X Y Wu, X Q Wei, L Zhou, Y P Wan, D Hu. A molecular dynamics study of nucleation of dislocation in growth of silicon from melt. J Cryst Growth 443: 15-19 (2016)
[43]
Y Cheng, P Z Zhu, R Li. The influence of vertical vibration on nanoscale friction: A molecular dynamics simulation study. Crystals 8(3): 129 (2018)
[44]
S H Pan, N Yin, Z N Zhang. Time- & load-dependence of triboelectric effect. Sci Rep 8(1): 2470 (2018)
[45]
M Kisiel, E Gnecco, U Gysin, L Marot, S Rast, E Meyer. Suppression of electronic friction on Nb films in the superconducting state. Nat Mater 10(2): 119-122 (2011)
[46]
S H Pan, Z N Zhang. Triboelectric effect: A new perspective on electron transfer process. J Appl Phys 122(14): 144302 (2017)
[47]
A E Wang, P S Gil, M Holonga, Z Yavuz, H T Baytekin, R M Sankaran, D J Lacks. Dependence of triboelectric charging behavior on material microstructure. Phys Rev Mater 1(3): 035605 (2017)
[48]
Y G Chung, D J Lacks. Atomic mobility in strained glassy polymers: The role of fold catastrophes on the potential energy surface. J Polym Sci Part B Polym Phys 50(24): 1733-1739 (2012)
[49]
J X Yu, L M Qian, B J Yu, Z R Zhou. Nanofretting behaviors of monocrystalline silicon (100) against diamond tips in atmosphere and vacuum. Wear 267(1-4): 322-329 (2009)
[50]
J X Yu, S H Kim, B J Yu, L M Qian, Z R Zhou. Role of Tribochemistry in Nanowear of single-crystalline silicon. ACS Appl Mater Interfaces 4(3): 1585-1593 (2012)
[51]
Y F Mo, K T Turner, I Szlufarska. Friction laws at the nanoscale. Nature 457(7233): 1116-1119 (2009)
[52]
X Zheng, H T Zhu, A K Tieu, B Kosasih. Roughness and lubricant effect on 3D atomic asperity contact. Tribol Lett 53(1): 215-223 (2014)
[53]
W M Haynes. CRC Handbook of Chemistry and Physics, 95th Edition, 2014-2015: A Ready-Reference Book of Chemical and Physical Data. New York (USA): CRC Press, 2014.
[54]
A A Feiler, L Bergström, M W Rutland. Superlubricity using repulsive van der Waals forces. Langmuir 24(6): 2274-2276 (2008)
Publication history
Copyright
Acknowledgements
Rights and permissions

Publication history

Received: 20 June 2019
Revised: 19 September 2019
Accepted: 13 November 2019
Published: 19 March 2020
Issue date: February 2021

Copyright

© The author(s) 2019

Acknowledgements

This study is financially supported by the National Natural Science Foundation of China (Grant Nos. 51575340, 51875343) and State Key Laboratory of Mechanical Systems and Vibrations Project (Grant No. MSVZD201912). We are grateful to Shi CHEN (Ph.D. student, Shanghai Jiao Tong University) and Junyu CHEN (Ph.D. student, University of California-Los Angeles) for their useful comments and proofreading.

Rights and permissions

Open Access This article is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License, which permits use, sharing, adaptation, distribution and reproduction in any medium or format, as long as you give appropriate credit to the original author(s) and the source, provide a link to the Creative Commons licence, and indicate if changes were made.

The images or other third party material in this article are included in the article’s Creative Commons licence, unless indicated otherwise in a credit line to the material. If material is not included in the article’s Creative Commons licence and your intended use is not permitted by statutory regulation or exceeds the permitted use, you will need to obtain permission directly from the copyright holder.

To view a copy of this licence, visit http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/.

Return