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Two-dimensional materials having a layered structure comprise a monolayer or multilayers of atomic thickness and ultra-low shear strength. Their high specific surface area, in-plane strength, weak layer-layer interaction, and surface chemical stability result in remarkably low friction and wear-resisting properties. Thus, 2D materials have attracted considerable attention. In recent years, great advances have been made in the scientific research and industrial applications of anti-friction, anti-wear, and lubrication of 2D materials. In this article, the basic nanoscale friction mechanisms of 2D materials including interfacial friction and surface friction mechanisms are summarized. This paper also includes a review of reports on lubrication mechanisms based on the film-formation, self-healing, and ball bearing mechanisms and applications based on lubricant additives, nanoscale lubricating films, and space lubrication materials of 2D materials in detail. Finally, the challenges and potential applications of 2D materials in the field of lubrication were also presented.

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Recent advances in friction and lubrication of graphene and other 2D materials: Mechanisms and applications

Show Author's information Lincong LIU1Ming ZHOU1( )Long JIN1Liangchuan LI1Youtang MO1Guoshi SU1Xiao LI2Hongwei ZHU3Yu TIAN4
School of Mechanical Engineering, Guangxi University of Science and Technology, Liuzhou 545006, China
Chengdu Carbon Co., Ltd., No.88 South2 Road, Economic and Technological Development Zone, Chengdu 610100, China
State Key Laboratory of New Ceramics and Fine Processing, School of Materials Science and Engineering, Tsinghua University, Beijing 100084, China
State Key Laboratory of Tribology, Tsinghua University, Beijing 100084, China


Two-dimensional materials having a layered structure comprise a monolayer or multilayers of atomic thickness and ultra-low shear strength. Their high specific surface area, in-plane strength, weak layer-layer interaction, and surface chemical stability result in remarkably low friction and wear-resisting properties. Thus, 2D materials have attracted considerable attention. In recent years, great advances have been made in the scientific research and industrial applications of anti-friction, anti-wear, and lubrication of 2D materials. In this article, the basic nanoscale friction mechanisms of 2D materials including interfacial friction and surface friction mechanisms are summarized. This paper also includes a review of reports on lubrication mechanisms based on the film-formation, self-healing, and ball bearing mechanisms and applications based on lubricant additives, nanoscale lubricating films, and space lubrication materials of 2D materials in detail. Finally, the challenges and potential applications of 2D materials in the field of lubrication were also presented.


two-dimensional materials, graphene, anti-friction, anti-wear, lubrication
Received: 24 July 2018 Revised: 27 October 2018 Accepted: 23 December 2018 Published: 26 March 2019 Issue date: June 2019
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Publication history

Received: 24 July 2018
Revised: 27 October 2018
Accepted: 23 December 2018
Published: 26 March 2019
Issue date: June 2019


© The author(s) 2019


This work was supported by the National Natural Science Foundation of China (Grant No. 51505442) and Guangxi Natural Science Foundation (Grant No. 2018GXNSFAA138174).

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