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Since the 1960s, a new class of Si-based advanced ceramics called polymer-derived ceramics (PDCs) has been widely reported because of their unique capabilities to produce various ceramic materials (e.g., ceramic fibers, ceramic matrix composites, foams, films, and coatings) and their versatile applications. Particularly, due to their promising structural and functional properties for energy conversion and storage, the applications of PDCs in these fields have attracted much attention in recent years. This review highlights the recent progress in the PDC field with the focus on energy conversion and storage applications. Firstly, a brief introduction of the Si-based polymer-derived ceramics in terms of synthesis, processing, and microstructure characterization is provided, followed by a summary of PDCs used in energy conversion systems (mainly in gas turbine engines), including fundamentals and material issues, ceramic matrix composites, ceramic fibers, thermal and environmental barrier coatings, as well as high-temperature sensors. Subsequently, applications of PDCs in the field of energy storage are reviewed with a strong focus on anode materials for lithium and sodium ion batteries. The possible applications of the PDCs in Li-S batteries, supercapacitors, and fuel cells are discussed as well. Finally, a summary of the reported applications and perspectives for future research with PDCs are presented.


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Si-based polymer-derived ceramics for energy conversion and storage

Show Author's information Qingbo WENaFangmu QUcZhaoju YUb( )Magdalena GRACZYK-ZAJACc,d( )Xiang XIONGaRalf RIEDELc
State Key Laboratory of Powder Metallurgy, Central South University, Changsha 410083, China
College of Materials, Key Laboratory of High-Performance Ceramic Fibers (Xiamen University), Ministry of Education, Xiamen 361005, China
Technische Universität Darmstadt, Institut für Materialwissenschaft, Otto-Berndt-Straße 3, D-64287, Darmstadt, Germany
EnBW Energie Baden-Württemberg AG, Durlacher Allee 93, 76131 Karlsruhe, Germany

† Qingbo Wen and Fangmu Qu contributed equally to this work.

Abstract

Since the 1960s, a new class of Si-based advanced ceramics called polymer-derived ceramics (PDCs) has been widely reported because of their unique capabilities to produce various ceramic materials (e.g., ceramic fibers, ceramic matrix composites, foams, films, and coatings) and their versatile applications. Particularly, due to their promising structural and functional properties for energy conversion and storage, the applications of PDCs in these fields have attracted much attention in recent years. This review highlights the recent progress in the PDC field with the focus on energy conversion and storage applications. Firstly, a brief introduction of the Si-based polymer-derived ceramics in terms of synthesis, processing, and microstructure characterization is provided, followed by a summary of PDCs used in energy conversion systems (mainly in gas turbine engines), including fundamentals and material issues, ceramic matrix composites, ceramic fibers, thermal and environmental barrier coatings, as well as high-temperature sensors. Subsequently, applications of PDCs in the field of energy storage are reviewed with a strong focus on anode materials for lithium and sodium ion batteries. The possible applications of the PDCs in Li-S batteries, supercapacitors, and fuel cells are discussed as well. Finally, a summary of the reported applications and perspectives for future research with PDCs are presented.

Keywords:

polymer-derived ceramics (PDCs), high-temperature resistance, structural properties, electrochemical properties, microstructure
Received: 30 September 2021 Revised: 05 December 2021 Accepted: 07 December 2021 Published: 11 January 2022 Issue date: February 2022
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Publication history
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Publication history

Received: 30 September 2021
Revised: 05 December 2021
Accepted: 07 December 2021
Published: 11 January 2022
Issue date: February 2022

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© The Author(s) 2021.

Acknowledgements

Zhaoju Yu thanks the National Natural Science Foundation of China (Nos. 51872246 and 52061135102) for financial support. Qingbo Wen thanks the National Natural Science Foundation of China (No. 52102085) and the State Key Laboratory of Powder Metallurgy, Central South University, Changsha, China (No. 621022117). Fangmu Qu acknowledges the financial support by the China Scholarship Council (CSC, No. 201904910776). This review also originated from the Research Training Group at TU Darmstadt and Karlsruhe Institute of Technology (KIT) entitled "Materials Composites from Composite Materials" funded by the Deutsche Forschungsgemeinschaft (DFG, No. GRK 2561). Magdalena Graczyk-Zajac acknowledges DFG support in the frame of the project GR 4440/4-1.

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