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Motivated by the fast-developing spin dynamics in ferromagnetic/piezoelectric structures, this study attempts to manipulate magnons (spin-wave excitations) by the converse magnetoelectric (ME) coupling. Herein, electric field (E-field) tuning magnetism, especially the surface spin wave, is accomplished in Ni/0.7Pb(Mg1/3Nb2/3)O3-0.3PbTiO3 (PMN-PT) multiferroic heterostructures. The Kerr signal (directly proportional to magnetization) changes of Ni film are observed when direct current (DC) or alternative current (AC) voltage is applied to PMN-PT substrate, where the signal can be modulated breezily even without extra magnetic field (H-field) in AC-mode measurement. Deserved to be mentioned, a surface spin wave switch of "1" (i.e., "on" ) and "0" (i.e., "off" ) has been created at room temperature upon applying an E-field. In addition, the magnetic anisotropy of heterostructures has been investigated by E-field-induced ferromagnetic resonance (FMR) shift, and a large 490 Oe shift of FMR is determined at the angle of 45° between H-field and heterostructure plane.


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Modulation of spin dynamics in Ni/Pb(Mg1/3Nb2/3)O3-PbTiO3 multiferroic heterostructure

Show Author's information Hang XUa,bBo WANGaJi QIa,bMei LIUaFei TENGa,c( )Linglong HUaYuan ZHANGaChaoqun QUa( )Ming FENGa( )
Key Laboratory of Functional Materials Physics and Chemistry of the Ministry of Education, Jilin Normal University, Changchun 130103, China
Condensed Matter Science and Technology Institute, School of Instrumentation Science and Engineering, Harbin Institute of Technology, Harbin 150080, China
College of Mathematics, Jilin Normal University, Siping 136000, China

Abstract

Motivated by the fast-developing spin dynamics in ferromagnetic/piezoelectric structures, this study attempts to manipulate magnons (spin-wave excitations) by the converse magnetoelectric (ME) coupling. Herein, electric field (E-field) tuning magnetism, especially the surface spin wave, is accomplished in Ni/0.7Pb(Mg1/3Nb2/3)O3-0.3PbTiO3 (PMN-PT) multiferroic heterostructures. The Kerr signal (directly proportional to magnetization) changes of Ni film are observed when direct current (DC) or alternative current (AC) voltage is applied to PMN-PT substrate, where the signal can be modulated breezily even without extra magnetic field (H-field) in AC-mode measurement. Deserved to be mentioned, a surface spin wave switch of "1" (i.e., "on" ) and "0" (i.e., "off" ) has been created at room temperature upon applying an E-field. In addition, the magnetic anisotropy of heterostructures has been investigated by E-field-induced ferromagnetic resonance (FMR) shift, and a large 490 Oe shift of FMR is determined at the angle of 45° between H-field and heterostructure plane.

Keywords:

spin dynamics, multiferroic heterostructure, non-volatile, magnetic anisotropy, spin wave switch
Received: 08 July 2021 Revised: 04 October 2021 Accepted: 16 October 2021 Published: 06 January 2022 Issue date: March 2022
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Publication history

Received: 08 July 2021
Revised: 04 October 2021
Accepted: 16 October 2021
Published: 06 January 2022
Issue date: March 2022

Copyright

© The Author(s) 2021.

Acknowledgements

This work was supported by the National Natural Science Foundation of China (Nos. 51772126, 21978110, and 52171210), Jilin Province Science and Technology Development Program (Nos. 20200201277JC, 20200201279JC, and 20200201187JC), and the Key Laboratory of Functional Materials Physics and Chemistry of the Ministry of Education (Nos. 2017002, 2016010, 2015003, and 2015011).

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