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After field cooling (FC) alternating current poling (ACP), we investigated the dielectric and piezoelectric properties of [001]pc-oriented 0.24Pb(In1/2Nb1/2)O3 (PIN)-0.46Pb(Mg1/3Nb2/3)O3 (PMN)- 0.30PbTiO3 (PT) (PIMN-0.30PT) single crystals (SCs), which were manufactured by continuous- feeding Bridgman (CF BM) within morphotropic phase boundary (MPB) region. By ACP with 4 kVrms/cm from 100 to 70 ℃, the PIMN-0.30PT SC attained high dielectric permittivity (ε33T/ε0) of 8330, piezoelectric coefficient (d33) of 2750 pC/N, bar mode electromechanical coupling factor k33 of 0.96 with higher phase change temperature (Tpc) of 103 ℃, and high Curie temperature (TC) of 180 ℃. These values are the highest ever reported as PIMN-xPT SC system with Tpc > 100 ℃. The enhancement of these properties is attributed to the induced low symmetry multi-phase supported by phase analysis. This work indicates that FC ACP is a smart and promising method to enhance piezoelectric properties of relaxor-PT ferroelectric SCs including PIMN-xPT, and provides a route to a wide range of piezoelectric device applications.


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High piezoelectricity after field cooling AC poling in temperature stable ternary single crystals manufactured by continuous-feeding Bridgman method

Show Author's information Cong LUO1,2Tomoaki KARAKI2( )Zhuangkai WANG2Yiqin SUN2Yohachi (John) YAMASHITA2,3Jiayue XU1( )
School of Materials Science and Engineering, Shanghai Institute of Technology, Shanghai 201418, China
Department of Electrical and Computer Engineering, Faculty of Engineering, Toyama Prefectural University, Toyama 939-0398, Japan
Department of Mechanical & Aerospace Engineering, North Carolina State University, NC 27695-7910, USA

Abstract

After field cooling (FC) alternating current poling (ACP), we investigated the dielectric and piezoelectric properties of [001]pc-oriented 0.24Pb(In1/2Nb1/2)O3 (PIN)-0.46Pb(Mg1/3Nb2/3)O3 (PMN)- 0.30PbTiO3 (PT) (PIMN-0.30PT) single crystals (SCs), which were manufactured by continuous- feeding Bridgman (CF BM) within morphotropic phase boundary (MPB) region. By ACP with 4 kVrms/cm from 100 to 70 ℃, the PIMN-0.30PT SC attained high dielectric permittivity (ε33T/ε0) of 8330, piezoelectric coefficient (d33) of 2750 pC/N, bar mode electromechanical coupling factor k33 of 0.96 with higher phase change temperature (Tpc) of 103 ℃, and high Curie temperature (TC) of 180 ℃. These values are the highest ever reported as PIMN-xPT SC system with Tpc > 100 ℃. The enhancement of these properties is attributed to the induced low symmetry multi-phase supported by phase analysis. This work indicates that FC ACP is a smart and promising method to enhance piezoelectric properties of relaxor-PT ferroelectric SCs including PIMN-xPT, and provides a route to a wide range of piezoelectric device applications.

Keywords:

field cooling (FC) alternating current poling (ACP), PIMN-0.30PT, high piezoelectricity
Received: 15 March 2021 Revised: 28 July 2021 Accepted: 31 July 2021 Published: 24 December 2021 Issue date: January 2022
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Publication history

Received: 15 March 2021
Revised: 28 July 2021
Accepted: 31 July 2021
Published: 24 December 2021
Issue date: January 2022

Copyright

© The Author(s) 2021.

Acknowledgements

This research work was partly supported by the Murata Science Foundation Japan (H31JOJI022).

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