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Conversion of inorganic–organic frameworks (ceramic precursors and ceramic–polymer mixtures) into solid mass ceramic structures based on photopolymerization process is currently receiving plentiful attention in the field of additive manufacturing (3D printing). Various techniques (e.g., stereolithography, digital light processing, and two-photon polymerization) that are compatible with this strategy have so far been widely investigated. This is due to their cost-viability, flexibility, and ability to design and manufacture complex geometric structures. Different platforms related to these techniques have been developed too, in order to meet up with modern technology demand. Most relevant to this review are the challenges faced by the researchers in using these 3D printing techniques for the fabrication of ceramic structures. These challenges often range from shape shrinkage, mass loss, poor densification, cracking, weak mechanical performance to undesirable surface roughness of the final ceramic structures. This is due to the brittle nature of ceramic materials. Based on the summary and discussion on the current progress of material–technique correlation available, here we show the significance of material composition and printing processes in addressing these challenges. The use of appropriate solid loading, solvent, and preceramic polymers in forming slurries is suggested as steps in the right direction. Techniques are indicated as another factor playing vital roles and their selection and development are suggested as plausible ways to remove these barriers.


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Photopolymerization-based additive manufacturing of ceramics: A systematic review

Show Author's information Sefiu Abolaji RASAKIa,bDingyu XIONGaShufeng XIONGaFang SUaMuhammad IDREESaZhangwei CHENa,c( )
Additive Manufacturing Institute, Shenzhen University, Shenzhen 518060, China
Institute of Microscale Optoelectronics, Shenzhen University, Shenzhen 518060, China
Guangdong Key Laboratory of Electromagnetic Control and Intelligent Robotics, College of Mechatronics and Control Engineering, Shenzhen University, Shenzhen 518060, China

Abstract

Conversion of inorganic–organic frameworks (ceramic precursors and ceramic–polymer mixtures) into solid mass ceramic structures based on photopolymerization process is currently receiving plentiful attention in the field of additive manufacturing (3D printing). Various techniques (e.g., stereolithography, digital light processing, and two-photon polymerization) that are compatible with this strategy have so far been widely investigated. This is due to their cost-viability, flexibility, and ability to design and manufacture complex geometric structures. Different platforms related to these techniques have been developed too, in order to meet up with modern technology demand. Most relevant to this review are the challenges faced by the researchers in using these 3D printing techniques for the fabrication of ceramic structures. These challenges often range from shape shrinkage, mass loss, poor densification, cracking, weak mechanical performance to undesirable surface roughness of the final ceramic structures. This is due to the brittle nature of ceramic materials. Based on the summary and discussion on the current progress of material–technique correlation available, here we show the significance of material composition and printing processes in addressing these challenges. The use of appropriate solid loading, solvent, and preceramic polymers in forming slurries is suggested as steps in the right direction. Techniques are indicated as another factor playing vital roles and their selection and development are suggested as plausible ways to remove these barriers.

Keywords:

ceramics, photopolymerization, stereolithography, additive manufacturing, 3D printing, polymer-derived ceramics
Received: 30 December 2020 Revised: 02 February 2021 Accepted: 28 February 2021 Published: 27 March 2021 Issue date: June 2021
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Publication history
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Publication history

Received: 30 December 2020
Revised: 02 February 2021
Accepted: 28 February 2021
Published: 27 March 2021
Issue date: June 2021

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© The Author(s) 2021

Acknowledgements

This work is supported by Key Project Fund for Science and Technology Development of Guangdong Province (2020B090924003), National Natural Science Foundation of China (51975384), Guangdong Basic and Applied Basic Research Foundation (2020A1515011547), and Shenzhen Fundamental Research Project (JCYJ20190808144009478, WDZC2021023519389248).

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