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This work reports on the development of pastes containing Ti, TiC, Si, and C elementary powders for in situ synthesis of Ti3SiC2 via screen printing. Four paste compositions were manufactured using two powder mixtures (Ti/Si/C and Ti/TiC/Si/C) with different stoichiometry. The pastes were screen printed onto Al2O3 substrates and sintered at 1400 ℃ in argon varying the dwell time from 1 to 5 h. The printed pastes containing TiC and excess of Si exhibited the lowest surface roughness and after 5 h sintering comprised of Ti3SiC2 as the majority phase. The electrical conductivity of this sample was found to range from 4.63×104 to 2.57×105 S·m-1 in a temperature range of 25-400 ℃.


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Effect of processing parameters on in situ screen printing-assisted synthesis and electrical properties of Ti3SiC2-based structures

Show Author's information Mylena LORENZaNahum TRAVITZKYa,bCarlos R. RAMBOc( )
Department of Materials Science, University of Erlangen-Nuremberg, 91058 Erlangen, Germany
Tomsk Polytechnic University, 634050 Tomsk, Russia
Department of Electrical and Electronic Engineering, Federal University of Santa Catarina, 88040-900 Florianopolis, Brazil

Abstract

This work reports on the development of pastes containing Ti, TiC, Si, and C elementary powders for in situ synthesis of Ti3SiC2 via screen printing. Four paste compositions were manufactured using two powder mixtures (Ti/Si/C and Ti/TiC/Si/C) with different stoichiometry. The pastes were screen printed onto Al2O3 substrates and sintered at 1400 ℃ in argon varying the dwell time from 1 to 5 h. The printed pastes containing TiC and excess of Si exhibited the lowest surface roughness and after 5 h sintering comprised of Ti3SiC2 as the majority phase. The electrical conductivity of this sample was found to range from 4.63×104 to 2.57×105 S·m-1 in a temperature range of 25-400 ℃.

Keywords:

MAX phases, Ti3SiC2, screen printing, in situ synthesis, electrical conductivity
Received: 12 July 2020 Revised: 17 September 2020 Accepted: 26 September 2020 Published: 18 January 2021 Issue date: February 2021
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Publication history
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Publication history

Received: 12 July 2020
Revised: 17 September 2020
Accepted: 26 September 2020
Published: 18 January 2021
Issue date: February 2021

Copyright

© The Author(s) 2020

Acknowledgements

The authors thank the Central Laboratory of Electronic Microscopy (LCME-UFSC) and the multiuser facility LDRX at UFSC. This study was financed in part by the Coordenação de Aperfeiçoamento de Pessoal de Nível Superior - Brazil (CAPES) - Finance Code 001, under Project number 88881.310728/2018-01 and by the National Council for Scientific and Technological Development (CNPq-Brazil), Project number PVE-CNPq-407102/2013-2.

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